Towards Understanding Islam

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Sayyid Abul A’la Mawdudi
Language: English |  Format: PDF| Pages: 102 | Size: 1 MB

Every religion of the world has been named either after its founder or after the community or nation in which it was born. For instance, Christianity takes its name from its prophet Jesus Christ; Buddhism from its founder, Gautama Buddha; Zoroastrianism from its founder Zoroaster-, and Judaism, the religion of the Jews, from the name of the tribe Judah (of the country of Judea) where it originated. The same is true of all other religions except Islam, which enjoys the unique distinction of having no such association with any particular person or people or country. Nor is it the product of any human mind. It is a universal religion and its objective is to create and cultivate in man the quality and attitude of Islam.

Islam, in fact, is an attributive title. Anyone who possesses this attribute, whatever race, community, country or group he belongs to, is a Muslim. According to the Qur’an (the Holy Book of the Muslims), among every people and in all ages there have been good and righteous people who possessed this attribute – and all of them were and are Muslims. Islam – What Does it Mean?

Islam is an Arabic word and connotes submission, surrender and obedience. As a religion, Islam stands for complete submission and obedience to Allah (SWT).

Everyone can see that we live in an orderly universe, where everything is assigned a place in a grand scheme. The moon, the stars and all the heavenly bodies are knit together in a magnificent system. They follow unalterable laws and make not even the slightest deviation from their ordained courses. Similarly, everything in the world, from the minute whirling electron to the mighty nebulae, invariably follows its own laws. Matter, energy and life – all obey their laws and grow and change and live and die in accordance with those laws. Even in the human world the laws of nature are paramount. Man’s birth, growth and life are all regulated by a set of biological laws. He derives sustenance from nature in accordance with an unalterable law. All the organs of his body, from the smallest tissues to the heart and the brain, are governed by the laws prescribed for them. In short, ours is a law-governed universe and everything in it is following the course that has been ordained for it.

Contents

1. THE MEANING OF ISLAM ……….. 5
Islam: What does it Mean? – The Nature of Disbelief – The
Blessings of Islam.
2. FAITH AND OBEDIENCE …………. 14
Faith: What Does it mean? – How to Acquire the Knowledge of
God? Faith in the Unknown.
3. THE PROPHETHOOD ………….. 20
Prophethood: Its Nature and Necessity – Brief History of
Prophethood The Prophethood of Muhammad – Muhammad’s
Prophethood: A Rational Vindication – Arabia: The Abyss of
darkness – The Saviour is born – Diamond in a Heap of
Stones – A Revolution Comes – Why all the Enmity? – A
Changed Man at Forty – Why? – His All embracing Message
– His Contribution to Human Thought – The Greatest
Revolutionary – The Final Testimony – The Finality of the
Prophethood.
4. THE ARTICLES OF FAITH ……. 44
Tawhid: Faith in the Unity of God – The Meaning of the
Kalimah – Effects of the Tawhid on Human Life – Belief in
God’s Angels – Faith in the Books of God – Faith in God’s
Prophets – Belief in Life After Death – The Need of this Belief
– Life After Death: A Rational Vindication.
5 PRAYER AND WORSHIP …………… 67
The Spirit of ‘Ibadah or Worship – Salah – Fasting –
Zakah – Hajj or Pilgramage – Defence of Islam – Jihad.
6 DIN AND SHARI’AH ………………. 74
Distinction between Din and Shari’ah – The Source of
Shari’ah – Fiqh – Tasawwuf.
7 THE PRINCIPLES OF THE SHARI’AH ………. 77
The Shari’ah: Its nature and Purport – The Shari’ah: Rights and
Obligations :1. The Rights of God. 2. The Rights of Ons’s Own
Self. 3. The Rights Of Other Men. 4. The Rights of All Creatures.
Shari’ah: The Universal and Eternal Law.

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