The Islamic Ruling On Music And Singing

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Abu Bilal Mustafa al-Kandi
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 53 | Size: 1 MB

The legality of music and singing in the Islamic shari’ah (the divinely-revealed law) is an issue which is hotly debated among individuals and scholars in Islamic societies of our present day. Arriving at the correct view requires unbiased, scholarly research of the available literature which must be supported by authentic, decisive proof. A considerable amount has been said and written both for and against this subject, and the proliferation of doubt and confusion necessitates another more critical, meticulous analysis and assessment of this whole matter, in order for one to come to a clear, decisive conclusion which leaves not the least bit of doubt in the mind of the reader. In hope of acheiving such a difficult and lofty goal, I have applied a distinctive method which I trust, by Allah’s leave, will succeed in achieving these treasured aims and objectives.

Firstly, I analysized and assessed the claims made by differing factions that certain Quraanic verses support or prohibit the legality of the issue at hand. Secondly, I stringently researched the area of pertinent hadeeth literature in order to shed light on the issue as well as to dispel a number of misconceptions about the authenticity of certain traditions. Thirdly, I presented a consensus of the Islamic scholars with special reference to the pious predecessors of the Islamic ummah; i.e. the noble companions, the taabi’een, the famous imams and other jurisprudents (fuqahaa). Fourthly, I attempted to explain the infinte wisdom which underlies the ruling of prohibition as ordained by the divinely-revealed shari’ah. Fifthly, I cited examples of exceptions to the general rule of prohibition, as either defined by the authentic sunnah or agreed upon by the scholars. Finally, I presented a synopsis of the shar’iah texts and a conclusion which clarifies the prohibited aspects of music, singing and their adjuncts.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface

Chapter 1: Analysis of Quraanic Texts and Commentaries

A. Verses Claimed to Indicate Legality of Music
1. The First Verse
2. The Second Verse
B. Quraanic Verses Alleged to Indicate Prohibition of Music
1. The First Verse
2. The Second Verse
3. The Third Verse

Chapter 2: Critical Analysis of the Hadeeth Literature

A. The Traditions and their Degree of Authenticity
1. The Narration of Al-Bukhaari
2. The Narration of Ibn Maajah
3. The Narrations Ahamd bin Hanbal
4. The Narration of Al-Haakim and Others
5. The Narration of Abu Bakr Ash-Shaafi’ee

Chapter 3: Consensus of the Companions, Taabi’een, Imams and other Fuqahaa

A. The Position of the Companions on this Issue
B. The View of the Taabi’een, Imams and Scholars after Them
1. Imam Abu Haneefah
2. Imam Maalik
3. Imam Ash-Shaafi’ee
4. Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal
C. Those Who Approved of Singing and Its Refutation

Chapter 4: The Wisdom Behind Its Prohibition by the Divively-revealed Shari’ah

Chapter 5: Exceptions to the Rule of Prohibition as Indicated by the Authentic Sunnah

A. Examples of Occasions Specified by the Sunnah
1. Jihaad and Its Adjuncts
2. The Celebration of the two ‘Eed Festivals
3. The Wedding Feast
4. The Arrival of a Respected Personality
B. Other Occasions Agreed upon by Scholars
C. Occasions Differed Upon by Scholars: A Critical Analysis and Refutation

Chapter 6: Synopsis of Preceeding Shari’ah Texts along with Conclusions to be Drawn from Them

A. Musical Instruments
B. Singing (Ghinaa)
C. Related Issues Proceeding from the General Rule of Prohibition
1. Dancing
2. Professions Connected with Music and Its Adjuncts
3. The Muslim’s Duty Regarding It
4. The Varying Gravity of the Sinfullness of Music and Singing
D. Some Acceptable Alternatives to Prohibited forms of Music and Singing
1. Recitation of and Listening to the Reading of Allah’s Book
2. Singing and Listening to Islamic Songs
3. Remembrance of Allah (dhikr)
4. Healthy Physical Sports

Conclusion

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3 comments on “The Islamic Ruling On Music And Singing

  1. Asalaam alaikum,inform me about the details of the virtues of zikr.Barakallah fiik.

  2. Assalamu aleikum – a sister on islamwaysister needed the ruling. I have the booklet but was too buzy to type it. May Allah reward you in good, I can give the ruling to her and give the link to your website for more visitors. wa aleikoum salam

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