Four Key Concepts From The Qur’an

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M. Mawdudi
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 32 | Size: 1 MB

Ilah, Rabb, Deen and ’Ibadah, are four terms basic to the whole teaching of the Qur’an. Through- out its pages, it  stresses again and again that Allah Almighty is the Rabb and the Ilah ;that there is no ilah but He, nor is there  any other rabb, nor does He share with anyone else the qualities and attributes implied by these terms. He, and He  alone should therefore be accepted as one’s Ilah and Rabb, and no-one else should in the least be believed to  possess the attributes which these words imply. It also demands that we should give our ibadah to Him and Him  alone, and not to anyone else, and make our deen exclusive to Him and reject all other deens! And to every  Messenger We ordained before you (O Prophet), the message which We gave for himself and for others) was none other  than that ”There is no Ilah but Myself, and therefore give your ’ibadah to Me alone…

Contents

1 Introduction
1.1 Four Basic Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1.2 Importance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
1.3 Why the Misapprehensions . . . . . . . . . 2
1.4 The Consequences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

2 ILAH
2.1 Dictionary Meanings . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2.2 The Pre-Islamic Concept . . . . . . . . . . . 4
2.3 The Criterion for Godhood . . . . . . . . . 6
2.4 The Qur’anic Approach . . . . . . . . . . . 6

3 RABB
3.1 The General Meanings . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3.2 False Notions about Rububiyyah . . . . . . 10
3.2.1 Hazrat Nuh’s People . . . . . . . . . 10
3.2.2 The ’Aad People . . . . . . . . . . . 11
3.2.3 The Thamud . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
3.2.4 The People of Hazrat Ibrahim and Namrud . . 11
3.2.5 Lot’s People . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3.2.6 Shu’aib’s People . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3.2.7 The Pharaoh and his People . . . . 14
3.2.8 The Jews and Christians . . . . . . . 17
3.2.9 The Meccan Pagans . . . . . . . . . 19
3.2.10 The Message of the Qur’an . . . . . 20

4 IBADAH

5 DEEN
5.1 Usage and Meaning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
5.2 First and Second Sense . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
5.3 The Third Sense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
5.4 The Fourth Sense . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
5.5 As a Comprehensive Term . . . . . . . . . . 28

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