The Noble Life Of The Prophet – (3 Volumes)

Dr. ‘Ali Muhammad As-Sallaabee
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 2025 | Size: 44 MB

In this book, the events of the Prophet’s life, from the day he (S) was born and even before that day for background information-until the day he (S) died, have been recorded.

Beyond enumerating the events of the Prophet’s life, lessons and morals from those events have been drawn to point out the significance of an event and the wisdom behind the Prophet’s actions or deeds, the Islamic ruling that is derived from a particular incident, and the impact that a given event should have on our character or choice of deeds is indicated.

Male or female, adult or child, scholar or commoner, businessman or laborer – all Muslims need to study the biography of the Messenger of Allah. In fact, the fulfillment of many of our Islamic duties hinges upon our knowledge of the Prophet’s life. For example, every Muslim should love the Prophet (S) yet how can one love him without knowing him. We were not alive when the Prophet (S) was preaching the message of Islam to the Quraish, so the only way we have left to become intimately acquainted with the Prophet (S) and consequently to love him, is to study his sayings and deeds, which give us partial glimpses of his life, or to study his biography, which fits the pieces of his life together, so that we can have an overall view of his ideal character. And how are we to follow the Prophet (S) if we do not know his sayings and deeds, or – which is more relevant to his biography – the context in which his sayings and deeds occurred. Thus we are all in dire need of acquainting ourselves with the life of the Prophet (S)

Through the study of the Seerah (the Prophet’s biography), we are able to appreciate how the Prophet (S) was an ideal husband, ideal father, ideal leader, ideal ruler, ideal educator, ideal judge, and so on. So regardless of our situation and who we are, we benefit from studying the Prophet’s life. If one has dedicated at least some part of his life to inviting others to Islam (which makes him a Daa’ee – a word I will henceforward use one who invites others to the teachings of Islam), then the Prophet’s biography is for him an indispensable guidebook. Through studying the Prophet’s Seerah, the Daa’ee learns about the Prophet’s methodology for inviting others to Islam; furthermore, he learns about how the Prophet (S) dealt with those who refused to embrace Islam and how he ;t”,’ was patient when he was made to suffer at their hands, not to mention the countless other lessons and morals he learns from the Seerah.

If one is an educator – of children at home or school, or of adults at a community level – one learns how the best educator mankind has ever known raised a generation of true Muslims, who went on to develop the most wonderful civilization that mankind has ever known. The early converts to Islam were educated in the world’s finest institution of higher learning – the House of Al-Arqam (the house wherein Muslims secretly met in the early days of Islam) – where the Prophet (S) taught them the Qur’an, Islamic beliefs, the manners of Islam, and so on. His students graduated with flying colors, becoming leaders and educators of the following generation of Muslims.

If one is a leader, one learns true qualities of leadership from the Prophet’s Seerah, in terms of how the Prophet (S) was just; how he united the Muslims; how he (S) dealt with subversive elements of society, namely the hypocrites, who were headed by ‘Abdullah ibn Ubai ibn Salool; and how he (S) constantly strove for the betterment of the Muslim nation.

If one is a scholar, one relies on the Seerah to understand the Qur’an, for the Prophet’s actions represent a practical application of the teachings of the Qur’an. Furthermore, the revelation of many Verses was prompted by actual events that took place during the Prophet’s lifetime; a scholar can only understand such Verses if he understands the events for which they were revealed. And in fact (as we will In Sha Allah see throughout this book) knowledge of all Islamic sciences – such as ‘Aqeedah (beliefs), jurisprudence, and Tafseer – hinges frequently upon knowledge of some aspect of the Prophet’s Seerah.

If a Muslim inclines towards Zuhd (to abstain from worldly pleasures for the sake of Allah) he can learn, through the study of the Seerah, the difference between true Zuhd and extremism, for the correct way to live is the balanced life that the Prophet (S) and his Companions led. If a Muslim is afflicted by calamity, he can find consolation in the Seerah, for no one was afflicted with as much hardship as was the Messenger of Allah; beyond consolation, the afflicted person becomes encouraged to follow the example of the Prophet; and patiently await for his reward from Allah . In short, there are valuable lessons to be found in the Seerah for every single Muslim.

Not just the Muslim individual, but also the Muslim nation as a whole needs to benefit from the lessons that are available in the Prophet’s Seerah. Nations rise and fall not through coincidence or through a set of arbitrary occurrences, but through universal laws that have been set in place by Allah . At least once in our history, Muslims have succeeded in building a wonderful and stable civilization, and that was during the lifetime of the Prophetand his rightly guided Caliphs; and even if Muslims prospered in later centuries, they never prospered as much as they did in the early golden years of Islam. Now we come back to the universal laws I mentioned above: The Prophet , and his Companions established a stable and prosperous nation not by chance, but by living in harmony with the said universal laws. What this means is that there is a pattern: If we want to now repeat the success that was achieved by the Muslims during the lifetime of the Prophet Oh, we need to be in harmony with the same set of laws, and in doing so, we have an ideal blueprint to follow – the lives of the Prophet (S) and his noble Companions (R). Continue reading

Human Rights In Islam And Common Misconceptions

Abdul-Rahman Bin Abdulkarim Al-Sheha
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 180 | Size: 1 MB

All Praise is due to Allah and may Allah exalt the mention of His Prophet and render him and his household, his Companions, and those who follow their way safe from every evil, and grant them security on the Day of Resurrection. Every society must ensure for its citizens the rights that guarantee for them their basic needs and security, and enable them to feel a sense of belonging and attachment to the larger social group. Individuals need to feel security and a sense of belonging in order to perform their tasks and duties in a satisfactory manner.

Presently, three distinct trends are discernable in our global society. The first trend exaggerates the right of the individual over the society. This trend gives the individual full freedom to do as he pleases with minimal restrictions. Unfortunately this leads to a chaotic social situation because when unlimited freedom is granted to the individual, selfish desires predominate and bring conflicting results. The entire society suffers immensely from greed and selfishness. This trend is found in the liberal democratic capitalist society.

The second trend, contrary to the above, advocates the rights of the society over the individual. The latter is stripped of his individual rights. Only rights that serve the ruling regime are granted to the individuals, according to the dominant ideology of the ruling class or group. This trend is prevalent in communist and totalitarian societies.

The third trend, ideally neither emphasizes the right of the society over the individual, nor the right of the individual over the society. Each is given its due right in life according to the given system. Rights and obligations are governed and controlled by strict rules and conditions. In this trend, the public interest is given priority over the interest of an individual only in case of a serious conflict.

In this booklet we shall address human rights in the light of perfectly balanced system of laws and principles of Islam. These rights are based on revelations from the Divine Book of Muslims, the Glorious Qur’an and from the Sunnah, the practice of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) the two main sources of Islamic life and jurisprudence. Both the Glorious Qur’an and the Sunnah aim to produce an ideal individual in an ideal society: all interact with each other to produce the harmony of the individuals with Allah their Lord and Creator, with themselves, others, the society in general, and other societies all over the globe.

We firmly believe that the application of the individual and social principles of the third trend, when guided by the perfect revealed law from Allah in the Qur’an and Sunnah, will definitely make humanity happier and more prosperous. The application of these principles will enable the society to achieve peace and security. These social rights and principles are not a result of previous experiences, social ideologies, temporary and immediate needs and/or political drives and motives: rather they are from the Beneficent and the Omniscient for man’s progress to happiness in this life and salvation in the Hereafter.

Our firm belief in the truth and justice of the Islamic rights and principles is due to the fact that Allah, the Most Merciful and only Creator of man, reveals them. He knows well what suits His creation at all times, what benefits or harms man, what makes him happy or sad, what makes him successful or miserable. By His knowledge and beneficence He has legislated what suits best and fulfills the essential needs of all His creatures on earth and makes their lives successful, secure and joyful.

The Glorious Qur’an, which was revealed and sent down unto Muhammad (PBUH) is the everlasting miracle that contains the basics of these essential rules. The Sunnah, the practices of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) which is the second source of Islamic law, contains the detailed revealed guidance. These rules and principles were set forth by Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) some fourteen hundred years ago in the best form and manner and will remain relevant forever. Both, the Glorious Qur’an and Sunnah (practices of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH)) honor man and his individual rights in the society. These sources of Islamic law did not overlook the needs and rights of the society and the public interest. In fact, The Almighty Allah states in the Glorious Qur’an:

وَلَقَدۡ كَرَّمۡنَا بَنِىٓ ءَادَمَ وَحَمَلۡنَـٰهُمۡ فِى ٱلۡبَرِّ وَٱلۡبَحۡرِ وَرَزَقۡنَـٰهُم مِّنَ ٱلطَّيِّبَـٰتِ وَفَضَّلۡنَـٰهُمۡ عَلَىٰ ڪَثِيرٍ۬ مِّمَّنۡ خَلَقۡنَا تَفۡضِيل

{We have honored the sons of Adam; provided them with transport on land and sea; given them for sustenance things good and pure; and conferred on them special favors, above a great part of Our Creation.} (The Noble Qur’an 17:70)

Man will only gain this honor and privileges when he fulfills his obligations and renders the rights due to their owners.

In order to execute the role of the special place on earth, there is a need for specific tasks to be performed by specific individuals. This concept is illustrated by the Almighty Allah in the Glorious Qur’an:

فَلَمَّا نَسُواْ مَا ذُڪِّرُواْ بِهِۦۤ أَنجَيۡنَا ٱلَّذِينَ يَنۡہَوۡنَ عَنِ ٱلسُّوٓءِ وَأَخَذۡنَا ٱلَّذِينَ ظَلَمُواْ بِعَذَابِۭ بَـِٔيسِۭ بِمَا كَانُواْ يَفۡسُقُونَ

{So when they forgot the remindings that had been given to them, We rescued those who forbade evil, but We seized those who did wrong with a severe torment because they used to rebel against Allah’s command (disobey Allâh).} (The Noble Qur’an 7:165)

Some nations and international organizations, like the United Nations, call loudly to principles that seek to guarantee human rights. Islam established, within its enlightened Shari’ah (law and jurisprudence) many of these human rights some fourteen centuries ago. The rights enumerated by modern international organizations are characterized with deficiencies in conceptualization, flaws in formulation, and injustices in application. They are subject to political agendas, economic pressures and culturally biased viewpoints. They carry the residues of colonialism and imperialism. Such rights are often enumerated and established not for the interests of all humans, rather, to the benefit of certain governments, organizations and powerful special interest groups. This becomes more evident when, as we see all over the world, many of our fellow humans suffering from the worst atrocities, and yet, there is no organization to truly defend the poor and the weak. Glaring inequalities and abuses between nations and within nations are growing worse and worse even before our eyes, and the prescriptions for aid and development mire them deeper into misery as if they were meant to perpetuate their misery and servitude. Continue reading

Youth’s Problems

Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 57 | Size: 1 MB

Youth’s Problems: Issues that Affect Young People – Discussed in Light of the Qur’an and the Sunnah. In this unique and lucid booklet and revered contemporary scholar, Shaykh Muhammad al-‘uthamyeen addresses some of the ideological and sociological challenges faced by modern youth. Starting with an astute description of the state of contemporary young adults, he outlines major issues hindering their progress on the straight path of Islam. He not only covers current issues such as joblessness, estrangement between the young and their elders, and keeping good company but also discusses subjects predestination and the limits Islam places on individuals. In all instances al-‘uthamyeen draws on the Quran and the authentic Sunnah to offer tangible solutions and to inspire the hearts of young people. The simplicity and straight forwardness of this work make even complicated issues easy to grasp. The wise advice the author offers is not only well presented but practical and compassionate. This book will benefit not only the young of the society but their parents and educators as well. Continue reading

Principles Of The Salafi Manhaj In Dawah

Shaikh Saleh aal-Shaikh
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 49 | Size: 1.5 MB

This is a time, in which we hope that Mercies (of Allah) descend upon us, Angels honor us, and Allah mentions us in the presence of those who are with Him – because this effort of ours;

# to listen to the Speech of Allah and the sayings of His Messenger
# to understand (to have the Fiqah*1 of) them,
# to know what as-Sabiqoon al-Awwaloon from the Muhajireen and the Ansaar (i.e., the Sahabah), and those who followed them in good were upon,

is in a time when the Fitan (trials, tribulations) are setting off, the day and night are unsettled, the (Straight) Path has become vague for many people, and many have been deviated from it.

It is therefore, necessary that there be constant reminders of the Order of Allah and His Manhaj, which He has assigned for His Messenger (PBUH), the Sahabah and those who followed them in their Manhaj. Continue reading

Advice To Those Who participate With The Tableeghi Jamaat

Sajid A. Kayum
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 65 | Size: 1 MB

Knowledge is necessary to fulfill the responsibility of Dawah
Advice to those who participate in Dawah along with the Tableeghi Jamaat
Methodology of the Discussion
Experiences from 2001 to 2011

Tableeghi Jamaat and its relation to Deoband and Sufism
– The Tableeghi Jamaat is a Deobandi group
– Important Personalities amongst the Deobandis and the Tableeghi Jamaat
– The Tableeghi Jamaat’s Handbook
– The Definition and Reality of Sufism

Attachment to graves is persistently endorsed in stories of Fazaail-e-Aamaal
– Stories of calling upon the Messenger of Allah
– Should such stories be circulated amongst common Muslims?

An Important Additional Clarification
– Moulana Zakariyyah did not invent these stories, and these can be found in books from the past

The Prophet severely warned against taking graves as places of worship even on his death-bed

Undue veneration of the graves in the stories of Fazaail-e-Aamaal Story endorsing that Dua (supplication) is more acceptable near graves

Asking the Prophet for Shafa’ah after his death is endorsed in the stories of Fazaail-e-Aamaal

Fazaail-e-Aamaal contains stories of complaining at graves, and the dead performing righteous actions that benefit the living

The unanimous Aqeedah of the Deobandis and their approval of benefitting from the graves


Appendix: The reality of unusual events near graves and tombs Continue reading

Shield Of Honour: Our Youth And The Crisis Of Faith

Nouman Ali Khan

I wanted to dedicate this one session to what I feel is one of the most pressing issues in the lives of Muslim youth and one that I have come to experience myself personally at one point in my life. As I’ve had the opportunity to travel more recently and interact with many young people across the country, I’m noticing it’s not a problem localized to one community or limited to one specific kind of person, but rather it’s happening pretty much almost universally. I guess I want to term it a crisis of faith, and a crisis of confidence in the religion.

Alhamdulillah, many of you that are sitting here are Muslims that are eager to learn something more about their religion and they want to advance further. Insha’Allahu ta’ala you guys are the hope for becoming the ambassadors of religion not just to non-Muslims but even to your struggling Muslims friends and family that are Muslim but they’re barely holding onto their faith. They’re barely holding on to any semblance of Islam in their lives and you are, at this point, the only connection Allah has provided for them to Islam. So the fact that you are here is already speaking volumes for the kind of commitment you have. You might not think very highly of yourselves, but actually, I do, and perhaps Allah (‘azza wa jall) holds you in very high regard. May Allah accept this gathering and gatherings like this one, and make us sincere in them.

#1: “Is this from God?”

Now what I wanted to talk about, this crisis of faith. I’ll share a couple of stories with you and then I’ll talk about it in general. The first story is from a couple of years ago. I gave a khutbah in a city that I don’t want to name. At the end of the khutbah, a father came up to me and said, “I’d really like you to have lunch at our house. I want you to talk to my daughter.” I said “Okay, I guess, I have time”. He took me to his house, which was right next door to the masjid, and said, “If you’re okay with it, my daughter has some questions about Islam, so if you don’t mind, could you help her answer some of them?” His daughter comes out – and by the way, this is a Muslim family, born and raised Muslims, parents are born and raised Muslims, children are raised Muslims – and she has piercings in strange places on her face: on the side of her eye, and like a couple on her forehead. Weird places that you look at and you go “ouch!”. But anyways, she sits down and I’m kind of weirded out at this point, but you know what, let’s have her ask her questions. Continue reading

The Future Of Our Religion

Dr. Tariq Swaidan

Dr. Tariq Swaidan investigates the past dynasties and empires, their collapse and triumphs, their attrition and their return. This is an inspiring lecture which ends in the future of our Religion, where we are heading and what to expect. Continue reading

The Message Of The Messengers

Dr. Saleh as-Saleh
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 29 | Size: 1 MB

Allah could not have created this universe without a purpose. He is All-Wise, All- Knowledgeable, All-Merciful and All-Just. All of these attributes entail providing ways of guidance that would lead to the proper knowledge of Him, and thus the right way to worship Him:

أَيَحۡسَبُ ٱلۡإِنسَـٰنُ أَن يُتۡرَكَ سُدًى

“Does man think that he will be left Sudaa1 (without a purpose)?” (Qur’an 75: 36)

One of Allah’s ways of guidance is the office of Messengership which involves the Message and the Messenger. The essence of the Message is to direct man to relate to His Creator through complete submission and obedience (this is the meaning of Islam).

Man does not possess the air he breathes. He does not create. He is not the creator of himself. He needs to know what benefits him and what harms him. The Message from Allah comprehends everything. It brings man to live for a noble purpose. That is why Allah called the Message of Islam, an Inspiration and a Light:

وَكَذَٲلِكَ أَوۡحَيۡنَآ إِلَيۡكَ رُوحً۬ا مِّنۡ أَمۡرِنَا‌ۚ مَا كُنتَ تَدۡرِى مَا ٱلۡكِتَـٰبُ وَلَا ٱلۡإِيمَـٰنُ وَلَـٰكِن جَعَلۡنَـٰهُ نُورً۬ا نَّہۡدِى بِهِۦ مَن نَّشَآءُ مِنۡ عِبَادِنَا‌ۚ وَإِنَّكَ لَتَہۡدِىٓ إِلَىٰ صِرَٲطٍ۬ مُّسۡتَقِيمٍ۬

“And thus We have sent to you (O Muhammad) Ruhan2 of Our command. You knew not what is the Book (the Qur’an), nor what is Iman (Faith)? But We have made it (the Qur’an) a Light, whereby We guide whom We will of Our bondsmen. And verily you are indeed guiding (mankind) to the Straight Path.” (Qur’an 42: 52)

The Inspiration brings Life, and the Light brings Light. Allah gave a beautiful parable on the Message and its effects, saying:

أَنزَلَ مِنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ مَآءً۬ فَسَالَتۡ أَوۡدِيَةُۢ بِقَدَرِهَا فَٱحۡتَمَلَ ٱلسَّيۡلُ زَبَدً۬ا رَّابِيً۬ا‌ۚ وَمِمَّا يُوقِدُونَ عَلَيۡهِ فِى ٱلنَّارِ ٱبۡتِغَآءَ حِلۡيَةٍ أَوۡ مَتَـٰعٍ۬ زَبَدٌ۬ مِّثۡلُهُ ۥ‌ۚ كَذَٲلِكَ يَضۡرِبُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلۡحَقَّ وَٱلۡبَـٰطِلَ‌ۚ فَأَمَّا ٱلزَّبَدُ فَيَذۡهَبُ جُفَآءً۬‌ۖ وَأَمَّا مَا يَنفَعُ ٱلنَّاسَ فَيَمۡكُثُ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۚ كَذَٲلِكَ يَضۡرِبُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلۡأَمۡثَالَ

He sends down water (rain) from the sky, and the valleys flow according to their measure, but the flood bears away the foam that mounts up to the surface, and (also) from that (ore) which they heat in the fire in order to make ornaments or utensils, rises a foam like unto it, thus does Allah (by parables) show forth truth and falsehood. Then, as for the foam it passes away as scum upon the banks, while that which is for the good of mankind remains in the earth. Thus Allah set forth parables (for the Truth and Falsehood, i.e. Belief and Disbelief).” (Qur’an 13: 17)

The Knowledge about the Message (about Allah, the universe, the purpose of our existence, what is good and what is bad) is like the water sent down from the sky. In the water there is life for our bodies and in the Message there is life for our hearts. The parable of the light was given in the heating fire which removes impurities (foam) from metals like iron, gold, and silver, and what remains is a pure and beneficial substance.

The valleys are our hearts. This is where knowledge flows to. Some valleys can hold more water flow than others; each has its own capacity. Some valleys have surfaces that will not hold any water. The same for hearts. Some holding more knowledge than others, while some comprehend and understand little. The foam produced during water flow passes away as scum upon the banks and what benefits mankind remains on the earth. Similarly, lust, uncontrolled desires, doubts about Allah and His true religion are just like foam; they shall pass away while belief in Him and in His Message will remain. This life links man to his Creator and to all that is created by Allah, and provides him with codes of conduct that distinguish him from the animal world. Those who think that man’s presence on earth has no purpose are most certainly wrong:

وَقَالُواْ مَا هِىَ إِلَّا حَيَاتُنَا ٱلدُّنۡيَا نَمُوتُ وَنَحۡيَا وَمَا يُہۡلِكُنَآ إِلَّا ٱلدَّهۡرُ‌ۚ وَمَا لَهُم بِذَٲلِكَ مِنۡ عِلۡمٍ‌ۖ إِنۡ هُمۡ إِلَّا يَظُنُّونَ

“And they say: “There is nothing but our life of this world, we die and we live, and nothing destroys us except the Dahr (time)3″. And they have no knowledge of it, they only conjecture.” (Qur’an 45: 24)

Those who are aimless about their purpose of existence search for all possible means of “enjoyment” and compete for it. Their life as explained by Allah:

لَهُمۡ قُلُوبٌ۬ لَّا يَفۡقَهُونَ بِہَا وَلَهُمۡ أَعۡيُنٌ۬ لَّا يُبۡصِرُونَ بِہَا وَلَهُمۡ ءَاذَانٌ۬ لَّا يَسۡمَعُونَ بِہَآ‌ۚ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ كَٱلۡأَنۡعَـٰمِ بَلۡ هُمۡ أَضَلُّ‌ۚ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡغَـٰفِلُونَ

“They have hearts (minds) wherewith they understand not, they have eyes wherewith they see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not (the Truth). They are like cattle, nay even more astray; those! They are the heedless ones.” (Qur’an 7: 179)

In the world of animals there is a struggle for survival! But in the human world there is a purpose:

يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلنَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقۡنَـٰكُم مِّن ذَكَرٍ۬ وَأُنثَىٰ وَجَعَلۡنَـٰكُمۡ شُعُوبً۬ا وَقَبَآٮِٕلَ لِتَعَارَفُوٓاْ‌ۚ إِنَّ أَڪۡرَمَكُمۡ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ أَتۡقَٮٰكُمۡ‌ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ۬

“O mankind! We have created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know each other. Verily, the most honorable of you in the sight of Allah is that (believer) who is best in At- Taqwa: adhering to the religion of Allah and best in performing good deeds as prescribed by Allah.” (Qur’an 49: 13)

The aim to achieve At-Taqwa is constructive and beneficial and it stands against mischief like “might is right,” “my Color is better,” “worshipping of idols, lust, money, or other created entities,” and so forth:

This is part of man’s purpose on earth. Man’s whole life is related to His Creator:

قُلۡ إِنَّ صَلَاتِى وَنُسُكِى وَمَحۡيَاىَ وَمَمَاتِى لِلَّهِ رَبِّ ٱلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ – لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ ۥ‌ۖ وَبِذَٲلِكَ أُمِرۡتُ وَأَنَا۟ أَوَّلُ ٱلۡمُسۡلِمِينَ

Say (O Muhammad SAW): “Verily, my Salât (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allâh, the Lord of the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinn and all that exists) (162) “He has no partner. And of this I have been commanded, and I am the first of the Muslims.” (163) (Qur’an 6: 162-163)

All deeds and utterances, open or hidden, and which Allah loves and accepts, constitute the meaning of worship. All forms of worship are explained in the Qur’an and by the Prophet (SAW: sallallaahu ‘alaihi was-sallam4). Worship is not left for our limited minds to decide upon their ways. Worship is one’s life according to Islam. Thus it can only be devoted to our Creator, Allah. Continue reading

Eid: Etiquette And Rulings

Sheikh Muhammad Salih Al-Munajjid
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 37 | Size: 1 MB

Praise be to Allaah, Lord of the Worlds, and peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his family and companions.

“Eid” is an Arabic word referring to something habitual, that returns and is repeated. Eids or festivals are symbols to be found in every nation, including those that are based on revealed scriptures and those that are idolatrous, as well as others, because celebrating festivals is something that is an instinctive part of human nature. All people like to have special occasions to celebrate, where they can come together and express their joy and happiness.

The festivals of the kaafir nations may be connected to worldly matters, such as the beginning of the year, the start of an agricultural season, the changing of the weather, the establishment of a state, the accession of a ruler, and so on. They may also be connected to religious occasions, like many of the festivals belonging exclusively to the Jews and Christians, such as the Thursday on which they claim the table was sent down to Jesus, Christmas, New Year’s, Thanksgiving, and holidays on which gifts are exchanged. These are celebrated in all European and North American countries nowadays, and in other countries where Christian influence is prevalent, even if the country is not originally Christian. Some so-called Muslims may also join in these holidays, out of ignorance or hypocrisy.

The Magians (Zoroastrians) also have their own festivals, such as Mahrajaan, Nowruz and so on.

The Baatinis have their own festivals too, such as “Eid al-Ghadeer”, when they claim that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) gave the khilaafah to ‘Ali (may Allaah be pleased with him) and to the twelve imaams after him.

The Muslims are distinguished by their festivals

The Prophet’s words “Every nation has its festival, and this is your festival” indicate that these two Eids are exclusively for the Muslims, and that it is not permissible for Muslims to imitate the kuffaar and mushrikeen in anything that is a distinctive part of their celebrations, whether it be food, dress, bonfires or acts of worship. Muslim children should not be allowed to play on those kaafir festivals, or to put up decorations, or to join in with the kuffaar on those occasions. All kaafir or innovated festivals are haraam, such as Independence Day celebrations, anniversaries of revolutions, holidays celebrating trees or accessions to the throne, birthdays, Labour Day, the Nile festival, Shimm al-Naseem (Egyptian spring holiday), teachers’ day, and al-Mawlood al-Nabawi (Prophet’s Birthday).

The Muslims have no festivals apart from Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adhaa, because of the hadeeth narrated from Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came to Madeenah and the people had two days when they would play and have fun. He said, ‘What are these two days?’ They said, ‘We used to play and have fun on these days during the Jaahiliyyah. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, ‘Allaah has given you something better than them, the day of Adhaa and the day of Fitr.’”

(Sunan Abi Dawood, 1134)

These two Eids are among the signs or symbols of Allaah which we must celebrate and understand the aims and meanings behind them.

There follows a discussion of some of the rulings and manners of the two Eids according to Islamic sharee’ah

1 – Ahkaam al-Eid (Rulings on Eid)


It is haraam to fast on the days of Eid because of the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade fasting on the day of Fitr and the day of Sacrifice (Adhaa).

(Reported by Muslim, 827)

Ruling on the Eid prayers

Some of the scholars say that Eid prayers are waajib (obligatory) – this is the view of the Hanafi scholars and of Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him). They say that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) always prayed the Eid prayer and never omitted to do it, not even once. They take as evidence the aayah (interpretation of the meaning), “Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only)” [al-Kawthar 108:2], i.e., the Eid prayer and the sacrifice after it, which is an instruction, and the fact that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ordered that the women should be brought out to attend the Eid prayers, and that a woman who did not have a jilbaab should borrow one from her sister. Some scholars say that Eid prayer is fard kifaaya. This is the view of the Hanbalis. A third group say that Eid prayer is sunnah mu’akkadah. This is the view of the Maalikis and Shaafa’is. They take as evidence the hadeeth of the Bedouin which says that Allaah has not imposed any prayers on His slaves other than the five daily prayers. So the Muslim should be keen to attend Eid prayers, especially since the opinion that it is waajib is based on strong evidence. The goodness, blessings and great reward one gets from attending Eid prayers, and the fact that one is following the example of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) by doing so, should be sufficient motivation.

Essentials and timing of Eid prayer

Some scholars (the Hanafis and Hanbalis) say that the conditions of Eid prayer are that the iqaamah should be recited and the prayer should be offered in jamaa’ah (congregation). Some of them said that the conditions of Eid prayer are the same as the conditions for Friday prayer, with the exception of the khutbah, attendance at which is not obligatory. The majority of scholars say that the time for the Eid prayer starts when the sun has risen above the height of a spear, as seen by the naked eye, and continues until the sun is approaching its zenith. Continue reading

Muhammad (PBUH) The Finest Man Who Ever Lived

Shaykh Hishaam Muhammad Sa‘eed Barghash, PhD
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 95 | Size: 1 MB

All perfect praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the worlds, and may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon Muhammad ibn ‘Abdillaah, the seal of the prophets, the finest of the former and latter generations, our master and ideal example.

He is the possessor of the Hawdh (Basin) from which the believers will drink on the day of Judgment; the Banner under which the believers will gather; the Station of Praise and Glory; and the Bright Marks on his face, hands and feet (from the remnants of his ablution). He is the one who was mentioned in the Tawraah (Torah) and Injeel (Gospel), and supported by the Angel Jibreel (Gabriel), may Allaah exalt his mention.

His Lord distinguished him with the Israa’ and Mi‘raaj (Night Journey to Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa and Ascent to Heaven) and He split the moon for him, and made a cure and blessing in his saliva and sweat. With his invocations the rain was sent down. To him the trees submitted. Upon him, camels and stones sent their salutations. He was made victorious by awe, for Allaah terrified his enemies at a distance of a month’s journey.

He is the master of the sons of Aadam (Adam), and this is no boast. The evidences of his prophethood are numerous and his noble manners and attributes are countless.

The best of creation in his childhood, the most purified in his youth, the superior in his maturity, the most righteous throughout his lifetime, the most just of judges, and the bravest on the battlefield. Allaah The Almighty endowed him with every sublime moral and refined manner, purified him from every impurity, guarded him against every slip, taught him good manners, educated him well and endowed him with every noble trait. Thus, no one could be like him in his perfection, nobility, truthfulness, honesty, asceticism, bashfulness and chastity.

Such is the Messenger of Allaah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. All those who knew him well acknowledged his nobility, excellent nature, kind-heartedness, gentleness, wisdom, intelligence, firm determination and compassion.

No one can read about the magnanimous manners and the noble character of the Messenger, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, without expressing admiration of his character and bedazzlement by it. Thus, it is no wonder that we see such fragrant praise and objective testimonies from many of those who have not even embraced Islam. History has recorded their quotations, writings and heritage in this regard and this provides firm evidence and decisive proof of his sublime morals and characteristics, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

Nobody ever experienced the amount of hardship, trials, difficulties and crises that the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, experienced throughout his mission. However, he confronted all such strains with the ultimate perseverance and steadfastness.

He was patient when he was an orphan, when he was poor, hungry and needy. He was described as a liar, a poet, a soothsayer, a sorcerer, and insane, yet he was patient. He was harmed, wronged, cursed and insulted, yet he was patient.

His uncle Abu Taalib died, and he remained patient. His wife died, and he remained patient. People drove him out and fought him, and he remained patient. His uncle Hamzah was killed, and he remained patient. His son died, and he remained patient. False accusations were made against his chaste noble wife, yet he was patient and forbearing.

His relatives were killed, his companions were murdered, his followers were driven out of their homes, his enemies gathered against him to fight him, yet he was patient and forbearing.

He had a great deal of patience with those who attacked and insulted him, with those who gathered together to fight him, with the aggression of those who denied the truth and the power of falsehood.

He had a great deal of patience in the face of the adornments and beautifications of the worldly life, and was attached to none of it.

The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, was the ideal example of ultimate perseverance and steadfastness in all his life affairs. In fact, patience was his armour, shield, friend and ally.

Whenever he was disturbed by the malicious words of his enemies, he would remember the verse in which Allaah The Almighty Says (what means): {So be patient over what they say.} [Quran 20:130]

Whenever he feared the power of his enemies or when the disbelievers harmed him, he would remember the verse in which Allaah The Almighty Says (what means): {So be patient, [O Muhammad], as were those of determination among the messengers and do not be impatient for them.} [Quran 46:35] Continue reading