Hasan al Basri (Rahimahullah)
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Short Biography of Hasan al Basri (Rahimahullah)
He was one of the most renowned tabi`een (the generation after the death of the Prophet PBUH ) and prominent figures of his time. He was a jurist and a scholar. He was a pious and devout person. He was famous for his eloquence, inspiring speeches, wisdom, asceticism, and deep knowledge. He is the revered tabi`ee and the scholar of the people of Basrah, Abu Sa`eed Al-Hasan Ibn Abi Al-Hasan Ibn Yasaar Al-Basri R.A
Birth and early years
Al-Hasan Al-Basri was born in Al-Madeenah in 21 A.H., 642 A.C. during the caliphate of the leader of the Believers, `Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab R.A. Both his parents were slaves. His father became a prisoner of war when the Muslims conquered Misaan, an area between Basrah and Waasit in Iraq. His father embraced Islam and lived inAl-Madeenah where he married a bondwoman called Khayyirah who was the maid-slave of Umm Salamh R.A the wife of the Prophet PBUH . The Mother of the Believers, Umm Salamah R.A freed Khayyirah after she gave birth to her son Al-Hasan. Al-Hasan spent his early years with his family in Waadi Al-Qura nearAl- Madeenah. Before he was fourteen years old, he managed to memorize the Glorious Quran. He also learnt reading, writing, and some mathematics. He heard many sayings of the Companions of the Prophet PBUH and he used to listen to the leader of the Believers, `Uthmaan Ibn `Affaan R.Awhenever he delivered the Friday sermon. Al-Hasan was fourteen years old at that time.