The Purpose Of Creation

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Majed S. Al-Rassi
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 143 | Size: 1 MB

Every individual is born into a religious environment that is not necessarily in accordance with his or her choice; children are raised to follow the religion or ideology of their family, society or culture. Even as new-borns, they are assigned either the religion of their family or the ideology of the state; in some countries, the child’s assigned religion is even recorded on the birth certificate. By the time individuals reach their teens, they have usually accepted the beliefs of their parents or their particular society, feeling that they have little choice in the matter.

However, individuals often encounter, or are exposed, to various beliefs and ideologies throughout the course of their lives, leading many to question long-held beliefs, traditions or philosophical ideas. They begin to question the validity of their own beliefs. Seekers of truth often reach a point of confusion, especially upon realizing that the believers of every religion, sect, ideology and philosophy claim to profess the one and only truth.

There are only three possibilities: either everyone is correct or everyone is incorrect; or, only one is correct and the rest are incorrect. It is impossible for all of them to be upon the true religion as the fundamentals of all religions are different. On the other hand, to claim that they are all incorrect is to deny that Allah (Subhânahu wa Ta‘âlâ – Glorified and Exalted is He) revealed His will to humankind. This proposition will seem absurd to those who believe in a Wise Creator. After all, why would Allah create human beings and not reveal a way to the truth? So, which religion is the right one and how can the seeker of truth come to know it? This is the main subject of this work.

When beginning the search for the true religion, one should keep the following four things in mind:

Firstly, Allah has given us the ability and the intellect to discover the answer to this crucial question, which is also a lifechanging decision: What is the true religion?

Secondly, Allah, the Most Compassionate, has not left us to go astray without any guidance. Indeed, He sent us prophets with scriptures to show us the right path.

Thirdly, always remember the underlying reason for this search: the ever-lasting life to come depends upon finding the true religion in this life. This should be your ultimate motivation, and a driving force to keep you searching until you are completely satisfied.2

Fourthly, one can only determine the true path and make a rational and correct decision if one willingly puts aside all the emotions and prejudices, which often blind one to reality.

2 The Bible, in its present form, confirms that seeking the truth is the main cause for salvation. In John 8:32, it has been stated, “And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.” Muslims believe that the existing form of the Bible contains elements of the original true message, although it has been altered significantly.

Wise individuals know that they exist for a purpose and a final destination, whether or not they are aware of the exact nature of that destination. Wise individuals also understand that if they do not know where they are going, they will never strive to reach there. This little book has shed some light on the following:

# Why were human beings created?
# What is their final destination?
# How can they reach that destination ‘safely’?

With this short preface, I leave you to peruse the book. Continue reading

Al-Qur’an: The Linguistic Miracle

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Linguistic Miracle http://www.linguisticmiracle.com/
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 150 | Size: 2 MB

In the first section of this Book, there is introduction of Classical Arabic (a more in-depth version of the language in comparison to the Modern Fus-ha Standard, Spoken Arabic aka MSA). I will explain the literary tools of Classical Arabic, with examples, and later near the end of this section, I will share a few gems of Classical Arabic language, to give you a feel of how the Classical Arabs expressed themselves through Poetry, and what powerful literary tools they used to convey their message to an equally praiseworthy literary audience. The second section will focus on discussing the subtleties of the Qur’anic text and its beauties, and will further give tips for students of Qur’anic and Arabic language to have the ability themselves to extract beautiful gems from the Qur’an.

Introduction to the Arabic Language:

The Arabic language is a unique language, and has many special and unique features which make it suitable for it to convey; many meanings in few words, subtleties, emphasis and powerful imagery through speech alone. If God was to convey a message to mankind, it would be through a language which is easy to learn, and has the highest form of expressiveness. I believe that Arabic is that language by which He communicated His final Message to mankind, and I will try to prove it through this Book – Qur’an, the Linguistic Miracle.

In the first section of this Book, I will be introducing Classical Arabic (a more in-depth version of the language in comparison to the Modern Fus-ha Standard, Spoken Arabic aka MSA). I will explain the literary tools of Classical Arabic, with examples, and later near the end of this section, I will share a few gems of Classical Arabic language, to give you a feel of how the Classical Arabs expressed themselves through Poetry, and what powerful literary tools they used to convey their message to an equally praiseworthy literary audience.

What is the Arabic language?

Arabic is an ancient Semitic language, believed to be over 2000 years old. So it has had alot of time to develop, and enrich its meanings and linguistic beauty. Some say it – the language- has been inspired and preserved miraculously in its pure form. It has stayed firm and pure to its roots, meaning that words and their meanings which were said over 1,400 years ago are still preserved and documented for us uptill this day. Unlike many other languages where words change meanings every few generations, and the meaning of the original word is lost. An example in the English language today is the word ‘wicked’ which meant ‘evil’ last generation, but in this generation it means ‘good.’ It may be that 2 generations ahead, ‘wicked’ may only be recognized as meaning ‘good’, possibly making future readers of the language confused.

How is Arabic Structured?

Arabic works with a triliteral root system, which means that most words are made of 3 Root Consonant letters, and other 1 and 2 letter words with different meanings surrounding that word. It is then for the reader to use his knowledge of the language to separate and distinguish between the letters to understand which letter means what.

This will be explained later in the book, and is a fun part of learning the language. (Almost like connecting a jigsaw puzzle.)

How does Arabic language work?

Arabic 3 Consonant lettered words are usually ‘Descriptions’. These Descriptions will then fit into Contexts for Objects.

For example; the word ‘sayyaarah’ means ‘Car’. But in reality, it comes from the root meaning of the 3 Root Letters: Siin-Ya-Ra (s-y-r) = Meaning: ‘Travelling through Movement.’

We therefore see that other words like i.e. ‘he went for a walk’ (saara), or “siiyrah” (a walk through a journey), which have similar Root letters have similar meanings, simply due to their Root letters being the same. This makes it extremely easy to know what a word means in Arabic, because you might see a long difficult word, but you break it down to look at its root 3 letters – and voila! You know what root meaning and description is being hinted at. This allows you to visualize the picture being portrayed through the Arabic.

This root system is also found partially in other languages, but Arabic sustains this rule throughout its entire language consistently, which makes its richness even more exciting to explore.

What makes it even more exciting is that the Arabic language has one of the richest sets of Vocabularies in the world, probably more than any other language. (For example: the Arabs have over 1000 words just for describing the Camel, and over 60 different words for Love!) And the amazing bit is – every word has its own shade of meaning, so two words could be similar, but they both would have a slightly different implication in meaning. Continue reading

Embryology In The Qur’an

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Hamza Andreas Tzortzis
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 60 | Size: 8 MB

This paper is an analysis of chapter 23 verses 12 to 14 of the Qur’an in light of modern embryology. This study will provide a linguistic breakdown of the relevant verses and correlate these linguistic items to modern science. To ensure a comprehensive understanding of this study, an overview of qur’anic exegesis will be provided to appreciate how the Qur’an is made accessible and intelligible to the reader. This study will also address various contentions, which attempt to challenge the credibility of the qur’anic discourse and its concurrence with modern embryology. Among these responses will be a refutation of both the ancient Greek plagiarisation thesis and the accusation that al-Harith bin Kalada, a 7th century physician, was the source of the Prophet’s (PBUH) medical knowledge.

In chapter 23 verses 12 to 14 the Qur’an provides eight meaningful points describing the process of the developing human embryo:

We created man from an essence of clay, then We placed him as a drop of fluid in a safe place. Then We made that drop of fluid into a clinging form, and then We made that form into a lump of flesh, and We made that lump into bones, and We clothed those bones with flesh, and later We made him into other forms. Glory be to God the best of creators. 1

WHAT IS THE QUR’AN?

Linguistically the word Qur’an means ‘reading’ and came to be referred to as ‘the text which is read’. The Qur’an also calls itself al-kitab, which lexically implies a written book. Thus the significance of writing, reading and reflecting upon the Qur’an has been emphasised from the very beginning of Islam. The qur’anic material is divided into suwar2, meaning ‘chapters’ in Arabic. According to the historian Phillip Hitti, the collected written text of the Qur’an is one of the youngest epoch-making books and the most widely read book ever written.3

The Qur’an is the supreme authority in Islam as it is the fundamental and essential source of the Islamic creed, ethics, laws, and guidance. For Muslims, the Qur’an is of Divine origin. It is the speech of the Creator and not the word of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)4. Rather, it was revealed to him, and through him to mankind, in word and meaning. Az-Zarqani, a 9th century scholar of the Qur’an, summarises the description of the book. He writes:

The Qur’an is the Arabic speech of God, which He revealed to Muhammad (PBUH) in wording and meaning, and which has been preserved in the compiled written pages of the Qur’an, and has reached us by recurrent reporting.5

THE SCIENCE OF QUR’ANIC EXEGESIS

The Qur’an, like any other legislative and spiritual book, requires exegesis. Qur’anic exegesis, known as tafsir in Arabic, is essentially the knowledge through which one increases an understanding of the Qur’an and a comprehension of its commandments and wisdom.6 Qur’anic exegesis is a branch of knowledge dealing with “the method of the delivery of the words of the Qur’an, their interpretation, their individual and composite forms and expediencies.” 7 It is this science by which the Qur’an is understood, its meanings explained and its rulings derived. Thus the Qur’an is made accessible and intelligible to the reader.

What follows are the sources of qur’anic exegesis used by exegetes to interpret the Qur’an:

1. THE QUR’AN: The first source of exegesis is the Qur’an itself. Many verses in the Qur’an compliment and clarify the meaning of other verses8. This use of intertextuality is considered significant in the study of linguistics9. The following is an example of the Qur’an explaining itself through relevant verses:

a. “The path of those you have favoured” is here unexplained but then elaborated upon in a verse elsewhere in the Qur’an. 10 [See below]

b. “Those whom God has favoured, such as the Prophets, loyal persons, martyrs and honourable men. How fine are such companions”

2. THE PROPHETIC TRADITIONS: The second source is the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).12 The Qur’an often mentions the Prophet’s (PBUH) role of expounding upon the Qur’an in word and deed. 13

3. THE STATEMENTS OF THE COMPANIONS: The third source is the explanations of the companions of the Prophet (PBUH), who learnt the Qur’an directly from him. Many of them devoted their entire lives to studying the Qur’an, its exegesis and related knowledge.14

4. THE ARABIC LANGUAGE: Another source of exegesis is the Arabic language in which the Qur’an was revealed. A verse is interpreted using the Arabic language as a tool for analysis if the other sources do not offer an interpretation.

SCIENCE IN THE QUR’AN

The Qur’an’s relationship with science has been discussed for centuries, with scholars debating whether to use science as an exegetical tool to elucidate its meanings.

The 14th Century scholar Al-Shatibi was against using science. He argues the Qur’an is a religious book which is mainly focused on the manifestation of the Divine will in the human sphere of existence. Al-Shatibi writes:

Many people have overstepped all bounds and made undue claims about the Qur’an when they assigned to it all types of knowledge of the past and the present such as the natural sciences, mathematics and logic.15

However, the 11th Century theologian and philosopher, Al-Ghazali advocates using science to elucidate the meanings of the Qur’an. Al-Ghazali views the Qur’an as providing the foundations to all types of knowledge. He states, for example, that all knowledge is implied “in the signs and indications in the Qur’an”16 and in his book The Jewels of the Qur’an he argues that the principles of various sciences “are not outside the Qur’an.” 17

Scholars also claim the Qur’an is an intrusive text engaging with the inner dimensions of man. Communicative strategies employed by the Qur’an to achieve this include the technique of asking questions and referring to sign-posts to God i.e. its allusions to the natural world. There are an estimated 750 verses concerning science and natural phenomena.18 Continue reading

Say As Universe Says Laa ilaaha illa Allaah

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Sheikh Ameen El-Ansary
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 163 | Size: 4 MB

Allaah The Almighty has created all of His worshipers as Muslims, testifying the Oneness of Allaah The Almighty; however, the devils came to them and changed their  religion and corrupt their faith. Allaah The Almighty says in Al-Hadeeth Al-Qudsi: ‘I have created all My slaves with the inclination to worship Me alone, but the devils come to them and turn them away from their religion. They forbid to them that which I have permitted to them, and they tell them to associate others with Me,  for which I have not sent down any authority.”1

So whenever people commit any form of Shirk, Allaah The Almighty sends His Prophets, peace be upon them, with the suitable forms of Tawheed.

Some of them have disbelieved in the Lord, the Creator such as Thamood and Fir‘awn… so Allaah The Almighty sent the Prophets, peace be upon them, to inform them about their Lord and their Creator as Moosa (Moses), peace be upon him, said to Fir‘awn (as Allaah The Almighty says on his behalf):

وَأَهۡدِيَكَ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ فَتَخۡشَىٰ

{“And let me guide you to your Lord so you would fear [Him]?”} [An-Naazi‘aat 19]

Some of them disbelieved in the matter of the Names and Attributes of Allaah The Almighty such as the Jews and the Christians who said: “Allaah is the third of three” And that “ He has a wife and a child.” Exalted is He and High above what they say by great sublimity. Allaah The Almighty says:

قُلۡ هُوَ ٱللَّهُ أَحَدٌ (١) ٱللَّهُ ٱلصَّمَدُ (٢) لَمۡ يَلِدۡ وَلَمۡ يُولَدۡ (٣) وَلَمۡ يَكُن لَّهُ ۥ ڪُفُوًا أَحَدٌ

{Say, “He is Allah , [who is] One, Allah , the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.} [Al-Ikhlaas 1-4]

Although most of them know that Allaah The Almighty is the Lord and know some of His Names and Attributes, they committed Shirk by associating others in worshiping Allaah The Almighty and taking them as their gods as Allaah The Almighty says:

وَمَا يُؤۡمِنُ أَڪۡثَرُهُم بِٱللَّهِ إِلَّا وَهُم مُّشۡرِكُونَ

{And most of them believe not in Allah except while they associate others with Him.} [Yoosuf 106]

Therefore, Allaah The Almighty sent all the Prophets, peace be upon them, and the last of them, Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, to call and invite them to worship Allaah The Almighty alone and renouncing worshiping others than Him and taking Him as their One worshiped God Who has no partner. Allaah The Almighty says:

وَلَقَدۡ بَعَثۡنَا فِى ڪُلِّ أُمَّةٍ۬ رَّسُولاً أَنِ ٱعۡبُدُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَٱجۡتَنِبُواْ ٱلطَّـٰغُوتَ‌ۖ

{And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger, [saying], “Worship Allah and avoid Taghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah).} [An-Nahl 36]

As our time has a lot of Fitan (Tribulations and trials), the three different categories of Shirk have occurred; rather, the Satanism also has appeared ‘Sufficient for us is Allaah, and He is the best Disposer of affairs.’ Ignorance has become widespread and all the matters have changed. That is exactly what the infallible Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said: “Tribulations will come like patches of dark night, when a man will wake up as a believer and by evening he will be a Kaafir (disbeliever), or in the evening he will be a believer and by morning he will be a Kaafir, selling his religion for some worldly gains.”2

No one will be saved from them except by the sound knowledge and good deeds as it is mentioned in the narration reported by Ibn Maajah: “There would be tribulations, when a man will wake up as a believer and by evening he will be a Kaafir (disbeliever), except the one whom Allaah The Almighty endowed with knowledge.”

We ask Allaah The Almighty earnestly to protect us from the Fitan, what is apparent of them and what is concealed. Continue reading

Choose Your Path

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Ayman Bin Baha Uddin Al-Siraj
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 54 | Size: 1 MB

My need of knowing who created me , the aim of my existence, and where I am going to go is much more important than my need of food. Actually, having no food leads to death, and death will happen one day inevitably, but if there is a retribution after the death and I was not on the right path, I will lose Paradise and receive the punishment of the Creator.

Is there a Creator For This World?

The natural common sense (Fetrah) is the strongest evidence of the Creator’s existence . Allah the Al Mighty says: ((So set you (O Muhammad Peace be upon him) your face towards the religion (of pure Islâmic Monotheism) Hanîf (worship none but Allâh Alone). Allâh’s Fitrah (i.e. Allâh’s Islâmic Monotheism) with which He has created mankind. …)) Sûrat Ar-Rûm (The Romans) 30

This truth ,which all people agree on ,does not need any proof , because generally humankind agrees on the existence of the Creator who controls this universe. In fact, all people agree on the Creator’s existence except few of them. Here are some of the evidences that prove the Creator’s existence of this wide perfect universe.

First, the measurement of this universe cannot be described. The distance from the moon to the earth is 384,000 kilometers and the light of the moon reaches the earth in less than two seconds. Moreover, the galaxy is about 90,000 light-years across. Every light year is 10 trillion kilometers. This means that the measurement of our galaxy is 900,000 trillion Kilometers. Furthermore, there are millions of galaxies and stars far in the discovered space which need milliards of light years , so how much is this distance? and how much is the distance of the unknown space? In addition, the size of the earth is bigger than one trillion cubic kilometers. The sun is 1,3 million times the size of the earth. The volume of VY Canis Majoris is 9 billion times that of the sun . The volume of Andromeda is 1000 milliard milliard times that of sun.

So, who created this universe with its sky, earth , human beings, animals, and plants? Has it been found without a founder? Nothingness can find nothing because it is nothing! Or has this universe found itself by itself? If it has created itself , then it must had been there before it had created itself.

This is false because how can the doer be the object, and the Influential can be the effect, and the causative can be the cause? So, if it was there before its creation, how can it create? Allah the Al Mighty says: “Were they created by nothing? Or were they themselves the creators?” Sûrat At-Tûr (The Mount)35

Therefore, there must be a creator for the existence of the universe. Is it the Nature as some say? But the Nature is a part of the world and the world has not created itself, So how can this part create itself? Who created the nature? Why this nature cannot create any more as it has created itself in the past? How can nature gives the creatures the ability of reproduction controls this process ? If there is no control over the propagation , the locust , for example , will eat all the green plants on the earth during few years! If the universe has been created by chance , why does the system of this universe is still steady and has no mess and disorders? Moreover, is nature blind -as some say- and it creates mindlessly and randomly so, one who has nothing can give nothing. Who has no apple cannot give you an apple unless he got it. So , how can the nature grants human beings the mind while it has no one?! Furthermore, how can nature lead people to follow the right naturally by the natural common sense (Fetrah)? Even if it opposes their desires? Also, if one does not follow the right , his conscience scolds him _unless a bad change acquired to his natural common sense (Fetrah)_So how can this happen? If it has been said that the social habits leads people to grow up on good morals which leads them to blame themselves . Therefore, why did the society choose this habit if the morality is not a natural common sense (Fetrah)? So, who created this morality?? Does nature has any morals?

Is this fine, well-organized and systematic universe exists by chance as some have said? The chance is possible in some cases and impossible in others. Here is an example which is an evidence against the myth of the existence of this universe by chance, it is huge increase in the number of creators . For example, take ten papers , write a series numbers on each one from one to ten, put them in a box, and shake it well. Then , try to pick them from the box serially from one to ten without looking at them. The chance of picking the number one firstly is 1 to 10, the chance of picking the number one then the number two sequentially is 1 to 100 , and the chance of picking number one to number ten serially is 1 to 10,000,000. That means there is only one chance for a correct choice among 10,000,000 wrong times. This is to coordinate only ten numbers. What about the coordination of this perfect universe?

If the earth was smaller, its gravity would be less and it would not hold water and air in it as in the case with the moon. In contrast, if the size of earth is bigger, the gravity will increase and the life on the earth will be impossible. So, who determine this size of the earth? Is it the chance? If the earth is closer to the sun, it will be burned , and if the earth is farther, it will be frozen. Is it the chance which assign this perfect distance?

Moreover, the earth rotates around its axis at a rate of 1000 miles per hour. If it rotates at a rate of 100 miles per hour, the length of the day and the night will increase 10 times more than its currently length. Also, as a result, the plants will burn during the day and freeze at night. In contrast, if the rotation of the Earth about its axis increases up to 10,000 miles per hour, the length of the day and the night will be the tenth of its currently length.

If the thickness of the earth’s atmosphere is thinner than its currently thickness, the meteors will penetrate the earth’s outer sphere daily and they will fall down on the earth and will burn it. In contrast, if the thickness of the earth atmosphere is thicker than it is, the rays ,which animals and plants depend on and which kills the bacteria and produces vitamins, will disturb . In addition, If the sun shines with half of its currently light, we will freeze . In contrast, if it shines with more than half of its current light, we will be dust. Continue reading

Summarize Of Research Of The Tenth World Conference On Scientific Signs In The Qur’an And Sunnah 1432 – 2011

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The International Institution For The Scientific Miracles
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 182 | Size: 2.5 MB

This book contains Summary of Research of The Tenth World Conference on Scientific Signs In The Qur’an and Sunnah, which was held in Istanbul , from 11 – 14 March, 1432 – 2011.

It contains these Research topics:

1. Summarize of Research of Medical & Life Sciences
2. Summarize of Research of Legislative provision
3. Summarize of Research of Astronomy and Space Sciences and Earth and Marine Sciences.

Contents:

– Miraculous signs in the formation of milk cattle
– Scientific Miracles in the mosquito
– Antineoplastic Activities of Honey Bee and Nigella in Hepatocellular
Carcinoma Cell lines
– Miracle in bee hives: Antimicrobial activity of honeys
– Enhanced chemosensitivity to Gemcitabine and Oxaliplatin by Back seed-Thymoquinone in pancreatic cancer
– Dew as an Irrigation Resource in Agriculture to clarify the Scientific Importance of dew to plants in Qur’an
– The development of acidity, discoloration and the effect of storage duration in the meat which was slaughtered by the Islamic method (almuzakkah)
– Histological and Ultrastructural Studies to effect of Costus Plant and Amphotericin B on Lung of males rats infected by Aspergillus niger to Manifest the Scientific Miracles In Sunnah
– Miracle recovery by honey
– In the name of Allah the Merciful Dates in miracles of healing and prevention of harmful microbes and pathogens
– Scientific Miracles in the color of honey and its relationship to kidney
– stones
– Histological study on the effect of fear on the hepatic tissue
– Effect Costus speciosus on Aspergillus niger & A.fumigatus Fungi and Candida albicans Yeast for Respiratory System Infection
– Enlightenment with the prohibiting swine flesh (pork)
– Comparison between the myocardial hypertrophy induced by exercise training and long term intake of Nigella sativa
– Effect of black seed On the levels of diabetes and lipids When patients with high blood sugar
– Effects of Propolis Supplementations on Osteopathy In Rats with Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes
– The hemolytic activity of some dog saliva-Processed oral streptococci
– Prophetic Medicine and some of its application
– Wipe the Head of the Orphan
– Miracles of black seed In the eradication of the bacteria causing the disease  The protective role of the ajwah dates as Prophet’s treatment in cases of lung toxicity and pulmonary fibrosis by gasoline
– Scientific miracle of Holy Quran and Sunna about creation of offspring.
– Prophetic Approach to the Prevention and Treatment of the Temper of Anger
Ownership of Assets in Question
– The legislative miracles in the Qur’an & Sunnah The combined obligatory means of the Islamic Law
– Paper presented at the “Scientific Miracles in the Qur’an and Sunnah” Conference
– The Gospels testify the truth that was brought by Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him
– The Wisdom behind Inheritance Legislations
– “Fire coming from Hijjaz that lights Camels necks in Bosra”
– Lightning Between Science and Faith
– Proving that Mecca is the center of the dry land
– Corruption has appeared in the land, sea and air
– The basics of Geology from Verse 74, Surat Al-Baqara Continue reading

Predestination (Qadar)

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Dr. Abu  Ameenah Bilal Philips
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 80 | Size: 2 MB

Qadar is a very sensitive topic. It is the sixth pillar of faith, and many people have gone astray regarding it. Some have denied it altogether while others have gone to such extremes in affirming it that they end up denying human free will. The truth as elucidated in Islamic teachings is between these two extremes. In dealing with this topic in his book A‘laam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah, Shaikh Al-Hakami has extracted from the works of the early scholars the majority of the most important points which must be grasped in order to have a correct understanding. His mode of presentation is the Q&A style, as it was designed as a concise teaching text, whose main body was easily memorized. The commentary represents a brief elucidation of some of the more difficult points through the addition of useful material from other classical texts like that of al-‘Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah as well as modern texts like Dr. Saleh’s compilation The Salaf’s Guide to the Understanding of Al-Qadaa wal-Qadar.

What is the proof for belief in Qadar?

Evidence for belief in Qadar (1) can be found in the following statements of Allaah, the Most High:

وَكَانَ أَمۡرُ ٱللَّهِ قَدَرً۬ا مَّقۡدُورًا

“Allaah’s command is a determined decree.” (Soorah al-Ahzaab, 33: 38) (2)

___________________

(1) Qadar, coming from the root qadara (evaluate), may be defined as Allaah’s predestination of everything for His creation in accordance with His prior knowledge (Believing in Qadar, p. 8); it is Allaah’s decree or decision as in the verse:

إِنَّا كُلَّ شَىۡءٍ خَلَقۡنَـٰهُ بِقَدَرٍ۬

“Indeed, I have created all things according to predestined proportions [Qadar].” (Soorah al-Qamar, 54: 49)

Also derived from the same root is the word Qadr (amount) from which Laylatul-Qadr (the night in which Allaah sends down His annual decree and decides the amounts of all things relating to His creation) comes. It is synonymous to Qadar in this context. The Divine Names al-Qaadir (Most Able), al-Qadeer (All-Powerful) and al-Muqtadir (Omnipotent) are all derived from the root.

Qadaa (decision) is the implementation of Allaah’s decree (Al-Mufradaat, p. 406) as in the verse:

بَدِيعُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ‌ۖ وَإِذَا قَضَىٰٓ أَمۡرً۬ا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُ ۥ كُن فَيَكُونُ

“When He decrees a matter, He only says to it: ‘Be!’ – and it is.” (Soorah al-Baqarah, 2: 117)

Some scholars like Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalaanee held the opposite view. He said, “The scholars say that Qadaa is the general decree from eternity, and Qadar refers to the details of that decree and how they are implemented.” (Fat’hul-Baaree, vol. 11, p. 477 & 149) The overwhelmingly accepted position makes Qadaa the universal, general eternal decree, and Qadar the individual development or application of that in time. (The Encyclopedia of Islam, p. 199) When the terms Qadar and Qadaa are mentioned separately they are synonymous but when mentioned together, Qadar means the predestination and when what is predestined occurs it iscalled Qadaa. (Majmoo‘ al-Fataawaa, vol. 2, pp. 79-80)

لِّيَقۡضِىَ ٱللَّهُ أَمۡرً۬ا ڪَانَ مَفۡعُولاً۬

“That Allaah might accomplish a matter already ordained (in His Knowledge).” (Soorah al-Anfaal, 8: 42) (3)

وَكَانَ أَمۡرُ ٱللَّهِ مَفۡعُولاً۬

“Allaah’s command must be fulfilled.” (Soorah al-Ahzaab, 33: 37) (4)

مَآ أَصَابَ مِن مُّصِيبَةٍ إِلَّا بِإِذۡنِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۗ وَمَن يُؤۡمِنۢ بِٱللَّهِ يَہۡدِ قَلۡبَهُ

“No calamity befalls but by the decision of Allaah. And Allaah will guide the heart of whoever believes in Him.” (Soorah at-Taghaabun, 64: 11) (5)

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(2) This verse concerns the incident of the Prophet’s adopted son, Zayd ibn al-Haarithah’s divorce from the Prophet’s cousin, Zaynab, and the Prophet’s subsequent marriage to her. The Prophet (PBUH) tried to avoid and hide Zayd’s marital problems from the community, however it occurred. “Allaah’s command is a determined decree,” means that Allaah’s command which He has decreed must inevitably come to pass; nothing can prevent it or avert it, for whatever He wills happens, and whatever He does not decree, does not happen. (Tafsir Ibn Kathir, vol. 7, p. 699)

(3) The Battle of Badr was not planned. The Prophet (PBUH) and his companions had set out to capture a Makkan caravan, but found themselves instead confronted with an army of Makkans more than three times their number. This verse affirms that Allaah decreed that He would bring glory to Islaam and its supporters in the Battle of Badr, while disgracing idolatry and its people. The companions had no knowledge of what would happen. It was out of Allaah’s compassion that He did that.” (Tafsir Ibn Kathir, vol. 4, p. 324)

(4) Allaah explained that the Prophet’s marriage to his cousin Zaynab bint Jahsh was to break the taboo on marrying the ex-wives of adopted sons. Though Allaah had put a stop to adoption earlier, saying:

وَمَا جَعَلَ أَدۡعِيَآءَكُمۡ أَبۡنَآءَكُمۡ

“He has not made your adopted sons your real sons.” (Soorah al-Ahzaab, 33: 4)

The marriage to Zaynab further confirmed and clarified the implications. The interpretation of “Allaah’s command must be fulfilled,” is that the divorce and subsequent marriage was predestined and decreed by Allaah and was, therefore, inevitable. Allaah knew that Zaynab would become one of the Prophet’s wives and had destined it. (Tafsir Ibn Kathir, vol. 7, p. 699)

(5) Another similar verse also addresses the issue of destiny:

وَمَآ أَصَـٰبَكُمۡ يَوۡمَ ٱلۡتَقَى ٱلۡجَمۡعَانِ فَبِإِذۡنِ ٱللَّهِ

“What you suffered on the day the two armies met was by the leave of Allaah.” (Soorah Aal ‘Imraan, 3: 166) (6)

(6) The verse: “What you suffered on the day the two armies met was by the leave of Allaah [in order that He might test the believers,]” is in reference to the Battle of Uhud when the archers disobeyed the Messenger’s instructions and abandoned their positions in a scramble for the booty. Khaalid ibn al-Waleed led a pagan counter-attack from the rear which caught the Muslims by surprise and they ran. Many were killed and injured. The dead included the Prophet’s uncle Hamzah and the injured included the Prophet (PBUH) himself whose tooth was knocked out. All of this occurred by Allaah’s will and decree based on His perfect wisdom. (Tafsir Ibn Kathir, vol. 2, pp. 315-6) Continue reading

The Man: A Strange Creature With Diverse Qualities

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Abdullah bin Muhammad Al-Mo’taz
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 48 | Size: 1 MB

In this era, many people are trying to learn everything concerning the material life aiming at making their living conditions better. In this digest, the author has tried to write about the spiritual aspect of life which is, as a matter of fact, more important than any other aspects. Discussion of many topics associated with this, including weakness, disbelief, oppression, being quarrelsome, impatience, ignorance, forgetfulness, irritability, discontent, striving and working hard for worldly desire, transgression and ingratitude, turning away, and more.

“And recite to them the story of him whom We gave Our Ayat, but he threw them away; so Satan followed him up, and he became of those who went astray. And had We willed, We would surely, have elevated him there with, but he clung to the earth and followed his own vain desire. So his parable is the parable of a dog: if you drive him away, he lolls his tongue out, or if you leave him alone, he (still) lolls his tongue out. Such is the parable of the people who reject Our Ayat. So relate the stories, perhaps they may reflect. Evil is the parable of the people who rejected Our Ayat. and used to wrong their own selves.” Continue reading

Laylat Ul-Qadr (The Night Of Power)

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Anonymous
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 18 | Size: 1 MB

In each of the daily prayer we offer, we solemnly declare to Allâh, “Iyyaka na’budu” (You alone do we worship). While the intelligent and committed believer realizes that his very lifestyle spells worship, he knows, remembering the words of our Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam that “Du’aa’ (supplication) is worship” [Tirmidhi, Abu Dawûd] Allâh, the Most Merciful, has encouraged the believers to take advantage of certain times during the year to make du’aa’. Such an occasion presents itself annually during Ramadhân — especially on the Lailatul Qadr, the Night of Power. On this night, the single most important event in human history unfolded as, after the Glorious Qur’ân was preserved in the Protected Tablet, Jibril descended with the blessed book to reveal it, upon Allâh’s command, to His Messenger sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. Accentuating its significance, Allâh says “and how would you know (the value of the) Night of Qadr” [97:2]

“Allâh’s Messenger sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam used to exert more (in worship) on the last ten than on other nights.” [Muslim]

So valuable is this Night of Qadr that the Qur’ân devotes a special Sûrah to it “Lailatul Qadr is better than a thousand months” [97:3] This one night surpasses the value of 30,000 nights. The most authentic account of the occurrence of the Night indicates that it can occur on any one of the last ten, odd numbered nights of Ramadhân. The fact that the exact night is unknown reflects Allâh’s will in keeping it hidden. Indeed, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was prevented from telling us its precise time. One day, he came out to tell the  companions the exact night. On the way he saw two men arguing with each other. By the will of Allâh,  he sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam forgot and subsequently remembered it. Afterwards the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was instructed not to divulge this information. “Had I been allowed,” he sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam remarked once, “I would have told you (of its exact time).” [Ahmad] The Almighty in His wisdom kept this hidden from us for many reasons (wa Allâhu ‘Alam). Perhaps He wants us to strive hard in our worship during the last ten days of Ramadhân so that we don’t become lazy, worshipping hard on just that one night and denying ourselves the benefit of doing the same on the other nights. “Had people not left their salah except for that (one) night, I would have informed you (of  its exact date).” [Al-Tabarani] The sincere believer who worries day and night about his sins and phases of neglect in his life patiently awaits the onset of Ramadhân. During it he hopes to be forgiven by Allâh for  past sins, knowing that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam promised that all who bear down during the last ten days shall have all their sins forgiven. To achieve this, he remembers the Prophet’s sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam advice in different sayings wherein he used words like “seek”, “pursue”, “search”, and “look hard” for Lailatul Qadr (see tomorrows Post).  Moreover, Allâh and His Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam provided us some signs of its occurrence.

Allâh subhanahu wa ta’ala describes the night as “..peace until the rise of the morn.” [97:5] In various sayings, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam described the night as serene, tranquil, and peaceful. The sun at sunrise would appear reddish and without its normal blazing and sharp rays. Ubayy radiallaahu ‘anhu said : “On the morning of the night of Qadr the sun would rise without any beams; (it is like) a wash basin until it raises.” [Muslim]

Abu Hurairah radiallaahu ‘anhu said : “We mentioned the night of Qadr to the Messenger of Allaah (S) and he said: “Which of you remembers when the moon rises and it is like half a bowl.” [Muslim]

Ibn Abbaas radiallaahu ‘anhu said that the Messenger of Allaah (S) said : “The night of Qadr is a night of generosity and happiness, it is not hot and neither is it cold. The sun comes up in its morning weak, reddish.” [Tabaranee, Ibn Khuzaimah and Bazzaar]

The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam added that “the angel of earth on that night of Qadr will be more numerous than all the pebbles of the earth.” Continue reading

The Month Of Rajab

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Sheikh Muhammad Salih Al-Munajjid
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 15 | Size: 1 MB

Praise be to Allaah, the One, the Subduer, and blessings and peace be upon the Chosen Prophet and upon his good and pure family and companions.

Praise be to Allaah Who says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And your Lord creates whatsoever He wills and chooses” [al-Qasas 28:68]. The attribute of choosing or selecting is indicative of His Lordship and Oneness, and of the perfection of His Wisdom, Knowledge and Power.

One aspect of His choosing and preferring is the fact that He has chosen some days and months and given them preference over others. Among the months, Allaah has chosen four which He has made sacred, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):

“Verily, the number of months with Allaah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allaah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them four are Sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein…” [al-Tawbah 9:36]

These months are calculated according to the movements of the moon, not the movements of the sun, as the kuffaar do.

The Sacred Months are mentioned by implication in the Qur’aan, but their names are not given. Their names are mentioned in the Sunnah:

It was reported from Abu Bakrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) gave his Farewell Sermon and said: “Time has completed its cycle and is as it was on the Day when Allaah created the heavens and the earth. The year is twelve months, of which four are sacred, three consecutive months – Dhoo’l-Qa’dah, Dhoo’l-Hijjah and Muharram – and the Rajab of Mudar which comes between Jumaada and Sha’baan.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, no. 1741, in [Kitaab] al-Hajj, al-Khutbah Ayaam Mina; and by Muslim, no. 1679, in [Kitaab] al-Qisaamah, Baab Tahreem al-Dimaa’).

It was called Rajab of Mudar because [the tribe of] Mudar did not tamper with its timing, unlike the rest of the Arabs, who used to tamper with the months and change their order depending on whether they were in a state of war or not. This was the postponing referred to in the aayah (interpretation of the meaning):

“The postponing (of a Sacred Month) is indeed an addition to disbelief: thereby the disbelievers are led astray, for they make it lawful one year and forbid it another year in order to adjust the number of months forbidden by Allaah, and make such forbidden ones lawful.” [al-Tawbah 9:37]

It was also said that the reason why it was attributed to Mudar was because they venerated it and respected it so much, so it was attributed to them. Continue reading