The History Of The Khalifahs Who Took The Right Way

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Jalalu’d-Din ‘Abd’ur-Rahman as -Suyuti
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 244 | Size: 20 MB

Umar ibn al-Khattab

from The History of the Khalifahs by Jalal ad-Din as-Suyuti

Umar ibn al-Khattab ibn Nufayl ibn ‘Abdu’l-‘Uzza ibn Riyah ibn Qart ibn Razah ibn ‘Adi ibn Ka‘b ibn Lu’ayy, Amir al-Mu’minin, Abu Hafs, al-Qurashi, al-‘Adawi, al-Faruq.

He accepted Islam in the sixth year of prophecy when he was twenty-seven years old, says adh-Dhahabi.

An-Nawawi says: ‘Umar was born thirteen years after the Elephant, he was one of the nobility of Quraysh, and he had the role of ambassador in the Jahiliyyah; Quraysh, whenever war broke out among them or between them and others, would send him as an ambassador, i.e. a messenger, and when someone called them to judgement – often over a matter of standing or lineage – then they sent him as a response to that.

He accepted Islam very early on, after forty other men and eleven women. Some say that it was after thirty-nine men and twenty-three women, and some say, after forty-five men and eleven women. But it was only after he accepted Islam that Islam was shown openly in Makkah and the Muslims rejoiced in him.

He said: He was one of the outstripping first ones, one of the ten for whom it was witnessed that they were for the Garden, one of the khulafa’ who took the right way, one of the in-laws of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, one of the great men of knowledge of the Companions and one of their abstinent people.

There are related from him five hundred and thirty-nine hadith from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan narrated from him, ‘Ali (ibn Abi Talib), Talhah (ibn ‘Ubaydullah), Sa‘d (ibn Abi Waqqas), ‘Abd ar-Rahman ibn ‘Awf, Ibn Mas‘ud, Abu Dharr, ‘Amr ibn ‘Abasah and his son ‘Abdullah, Ibn ‘Abbas, Ibn az-Zubayr, Anas, Abu Hurayrah, ‘Amr ibn al-‘As, Abu Musa al-Ash‘ari, al-Bara’ ibn ‘Azib, Abu Sa‘id al-Khudri, and a great number of the Companions and others, may Allah be pleased with them.

I say: I attach here some sections in which there are some collections of interest connected to his biography.

The reports on his acceptance of Islam

At-Tirmidhi narrated that Ibn ‘Umar narrated that: The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘O Allah, strengthen Islam with whoever is more beloved to You of these two men: ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab or Abu Jahl ibn Hisham.’ At-Tabarani narrated this from hadith of Ibn Mas‘ud and Anas, may Allah be pleased with them.

Al-Hakim narrated that Ibn ‘Abbas related that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘O Allah, strengthen Islam by ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab especially.’ At-Tabarani narrated this in the Awsat from a hadith of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq and in the Kabir from hadith of Thawban.

Ahmad narrated that ‘Umar said: I went out to confront the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and found that he had preceded me to the mosque (of Makkah). I stood behind him and he began by reciting Suratu’l-Haqqah. I was astonished by the composition of the Qur’an, so I said, ‘By Allah, this is a poet as Quraysh say.’ Then he recited, ‘It is truly the saying of a noble messenger, and it is not the saying of a poet, how little you believe…’ (Qur’an 69: 40) to the end of the ayah, and Islam came about in my heart.

Ibn Abi Jabir narrated that Jabir said: The beginning of ‘Umar’s Islam was that ‘Umar said, ‘My sister’s time to give birth came to her at night so I went out of the house, and entered the precincts of the Ka‘bah. Then the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came and entered the Hijr (the low-walled, semi-circular area to one end of the Ka‘bah) and on him there were two rough cloths. He prayed to Allah as much as Allah willed, then he turned away and I heard something the like of which I had not heard. He went out and I followed him and he said, “Who is this?” I said, “‘Umar.” He said, “‘Umar, will you not leave me alone, either by night or by day?” I became afraid that he might supplicate against me, so I said, “I witness that there is no god but Allah and that you are the Messenger of Allah.” He said, “‘Umar, keep it secret.” I said, “No, by the One Who sent you with the truth, I will openly declare it just as I openly declared idolatry.”’

Ibn Sa‘d, Abu Ya‘la, al-Hakim, and al-Bayhaqi in ad-Dala’il, narrated that Anas, may Allah be pleased with him, said: ‘Umar went out wearing his sword, and a man from Bani Zuhrah met him and said, ‘Where do you intend going, ‘Umar?’ He said, ‘I want to kill Muhammad.’ He said, ‘How will you be safe from Bani Hashim and Bani Zuhrah if you have killed Muhammad?’ He said, ‘I can only believe that you have converted.’ He said, ‘Shall I show you something astonishing; your brother-in-law and your sister have converted and abandoned your deen.’ ‘Umar walked on and came to the two of them while Khabbab was with them. When he heard the sound of ‘Umar he hid in the house, and then he (‘Umar) entered and said, ‘What is this murmur of lowered voices?’ They had been reciting Taha. They said, ‘Nothing but some conversation which we were holding.’ He said, ‘Perhaps you two have converted?’ His brother-in-law said to him, ‘‘Umar, what if the truth were outside of your deen?’ So ‘Umar leapt upon him and struck him severely. His sister came to push him away from her husband and he struck her a blow with his hand so that her face bled. Then she said, and she was angry, ‘And if the truth were outside of your deen? I witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger.’ ‘Umar said, ‘Give me the writing which you have and I will read it,’ – and ‘Umar used to read. His sister said to him, ‘You are dirty, and no-one reads it but the purified (so stand and bathe yourself or perform wudu’).’ He stood and performed wudu’, then he took the writing and read Taha until it came to, ‘Truly I, I am Allah there is no god except Me, so worship Me and establish the prayer for My remembrance.’ (Qur’an 20: 14). ‘Umar said, ‘Show me the way to Muhammad.’ When Khabbab heard the words of ‘Umar he came out and said, ‘Rejoice, ‘Umar! Because I hope that you are the (answer to the) supplication which the Messenger of Allah made for you on the night of Thursday, “O Allah, strengthen Islam with ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab or with ‘Amr ibn Hisham.”’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was in the lower part of the house which was at the foot of Safa and ‘Umar went off until he came to the house, at the door of which were Hamzah, Talhah and others. Hamzah said, ‘This is ‘Umar; If Allah wants good for him he will become a Muslim; and if He wishes other than that, then killing him will be a little thing for us.’ He said: And the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was inside receiving revelation. He came out when ‘Umar arrived, took hold of the folds of his clothes and the straps of his sword, and said, ‘You won’t give up, ‘Umar, until Allah visits you with disgrace and punishment like he did al-Walid ibn al-Mughirah.’ ‘Umar said, ‘I witness that there is no god but Allah and that you are the slave of Allah and His Messenger.’ Continue reading

The Companions Of The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

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Dimension: 2894×4134 | Format: JPEG | Size: 10 MB

This wonderful poster shows the names of the companions of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), and the names of the Ten companions who were promised in Paradise. Continue reading

The Biography Of Uthman Ibn Affan (R) – Dhun-Noorayn

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Dr. Ali Muhammad Sallaabee
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 626 | Size: 16.5 MB

In this book, Dr. As-Sallabi presents the life of the third caliph of Islam, `Uthman ibn `Affan, and highlights his great achievements, as well the issues and turmoil that he faced due to the hypocrisy movement that plagued the Muslim society. He also addresses the misrepresentations of `Uthmaan, fabricated by his enemies and detractors and perpetuated, inadvertently or otherwise, by writers and historians, as well as the activities of the hypocrites and the effort they put into fabricating these lies and causing division in the Ummah, the effects of which Muslims are still suffering today.

The study of history is of great importance, especially for Muslims who have been denied access to their heritage in many ways due to the upheavals that befell the Muslim world in recent decades and centuries, and due to tampering and insertions in their own books of history.

Usman ibn Affan was the fourth person to accept Islam upon invitation of Abu Bakr As Siddique. Thus he learned with the Prophet from the very beginning of Islam and faced much prosecution at the hands of his family and clansman. The Prophet (S) loved Usmaan so much so that he gave two of his daughters in marriage to him, earning him the title Dhun-Noorayn (carrier of 2 lights). Prophet said after the death of his second wife that if he had a third daughter he would have given her to Osman as well. The Prophet gave glad tidings of paradise to Othman saying that whatever he does after today will not harm him.

During his caliphate the Islamic empire spread far east into Azerbijan and south into North African and Nubia to name a few. During this time there were many achievements made in the Islamic empire including many canals, guest houses at different waypoints, and building of a much stronger Muslim army. He also established judicial and financial institutions to strengthen the Islamic empire. The last few years of his caliphate were however filled with great trials, which eventually led to his murder and division of the Muslim Ummah.

Dr. Ali M. Sallabi is famous for his detailed books of history and biography that bring the past to life for modern readers. Dr. Sallabi was born in Libya in 1383 H/1963 CE, and earned a bachelor’s degree at the Islamic University of Madinah, graduating first in his class. He completed his master’s and doctorate degrees at Omdurman Islamic University in Sudan. Continue reading

What We Must Believe Of The Companions

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Al-Alamatayn House
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 10 | Size: 2 MB

Our creed concerning the Companions – May Allah be pleased with them – of the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s prayers and Peace be upon him.

Firstly

Their Love is obligatory upon us

One of the particularities of the belief of Ahlu A-Sunnah Wal Jamma’ah, the obligation of loving the Companions, honoring, respecting, and following their steps and their lead. Allah Almighty said {And [there is a share for] those who came after them, saying, «Our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in faith and put not in our hearts [any] resentment toward those who have believed. Our Lord, indeed You are Kind and Merciful.»} [Al-Hashr 59:10]

وَٱلَّذِينَ جَآءُو مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِمۡ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا ٱغۡفِرۡ لَنَا وَلِإِخۡوَٲنِنَا ٱلَّذِينَ سَبَقُونَا بِٱلۡإِيمَـٰنِ وَلَا تَجۡعَلۡ فِى قُلُوبِنَا غِلاًّ۬ لِّلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ رَبَّنَآ إِنَّكَ رَءُوفٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ

Transliteration: Waallatheena jaoo min baAAdihim yaqooloona rabbana ighfir lana waliikhwanina allatheena sabaqoona bialeemani wala tajAAal fee quloobina ghillan lillatheena amanoo rabbana innaka raoofun raheemun The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s Prayer and Peace be upon him, said: “A sign of faith in a person is the love to Al-Ansar, and a sign of hypocrisy is hating them.” [Reported by Al-Bukhari]

آية‏‏ الإيمان حـب ‏الأنصـار ‏وآيـة ‏النفاق بغـض ‏الأنصـار

The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s Prayer and Peace be upon him, said concerning Al-Ansar: “Only a believer loves them and hypocrite who hates them, who loves them will be loved by Allah, and who hates them is hated by Allah.” [Reported by Muslim]

لا يُحِبُّهم إلاَّ مؤمن ، ولا يبغضهم إلاَّ مُنافق ، مَن أحبهم أحبه الله ، ومن أبغضهم أبغضه الله

The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s Prayer and Peace be upon him, said: “A man who believes in Allah and the hereafter never hates Al-Ansar.” [Reported by Muslim]

لا يبغض الأنصار رجل يؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر

The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s Prayer and peace be upon him, said: “Whoever Loves Al-Ansar, is loved by Allah and whoever Hates Al-Ansar is hated by Allah.” [Reported by Ibn-Majah]

من أحب الأنصار أحبه الله ومن أبغض الأنصار أبغضه الله

Muslim Reported by His authentic transmission that ‘Ali May Allah be pleased by him said: “By Allah whom made an embryo emerge from a grain and created the human soul, it’s the covenant of the Illiterate Prophet, Allah’s Prayers and Peace be upon him, to me that No one loves me except he is a believer and no one hates except he is a hypocrite.”

والذي فلق الحبه وبرأ النسمه إنه لعهد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إلى أن لا يحبني إلا مؤمن ولا يبغضني إلا منافق

Al-Bukhari and Muslim reported in their authentic books that Amr Ibn Al-‘As May Allah be pleased with him asked the Prophet, Allah’s Prayers and Peace be upon him, “Whom is most beloved to you O Messenger of Allah?” Continue reading

Sunan Ibn Majah (5 Vol. Set)

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Imam Muhammad Bib Yazeed ibn Majah Al-Qazwini
Language: Arabic-English | Format: PDF | Pages: 2678 | Size: 92 MB

Sunan Ibn Majah is one of the six most authentic collections of the Ahadith and contains 4,341 total Ahadith. Like the other translations of the six books of hadith, Dar-us-Salam Publications, has taken great care in correct translation, simple and clear modern English language, and high quality publishing.

Ahadith in the book are followed by comments to explain issues and to help readers derive lessons. To aid readers further, Dar-us-Salam, has added several features like section on how to benefit from Sunan Ibn Majah, about the Arabic and technical terms used, information about the hadith compilations and a glossary of Islamic terms in the last volume.

Each hadith is also followed by its status in regards to the authenticity. The status is explained more in detail in the Arabic text. The chain is also complete in the Arabic text while it is removed from the English to reduce the length and not being of much benefit to the English readers.

Compiled by: Imam Muhammad Bib Yazeed ibn Majah Al-Qazwini
Ahadith edited and referenced by: Hafiz Abu Tahir Zubair Ali Zai
Translated by: Nasiruddin al-Khattab (Canada)
Final Review by: Abu Khaliyl (US)

Publisher’s Forward

The Abbasid caliph Harun Rashid (170-193 AH) had a disbeliever arrested for fabricating Ahadith and ordered his execution. The disbeliever said to the king: “Oh Commander of the Faithful, how will you deal with those four thousand Ahadith I have already fabricated, making lawful things unlawful, and the unlawful lawful, although not a word in those ‘Ahadith was ever spoken by Allah’s Messenger (S). Thereupon, the king retorted: “O enemy of Allah, how can you escape from Abu Ishaq Fazari and ‘Abdullah bin Mubarak? They will seize them out and eliminate them letter by letter.”

It is a well-known fact that the painstaking efforts of scholars gave Ahadith a high degree of reliability next to Qur’an. When the Ahadith had been read over carefully, revised, corrected and expounded in the light of the principles of Hadith sciences like Jarh (invalidation), Ta’dil (validation), and Asma’ur-Rijal, the stage for the recording of Ahadith was set. Thanks to the exhausting efforts of Hadith scholars and their deep sense of responsibility, the Muslim nation got, in addition to Sihah Sittah (the Sound Six books of Hadith) a vast treasure that included Musannafat (Hadith compilations according to subject-headings), Jawdmi’ (comprehensive books of Ahadith), Sunan (collections of legal and doctrinal Ahadith), Masanid (Hadith compilations according to complete chains), Ma’ajim (compilations arranged according to names of Companions or regions or names of teachers of compilers), Mustadrakat (compilations of Ahadith meeting the conditions of other compilers but not found in their books), and Mustakhrajat (compilations containing Ahadith of other compilers with different chains of narration), the manuscripts of which numbering in thousands researched, edited and furnished with explanatory and marginal notes, exist even today in international libraries attracting the attention of research scholars. Anyhow, among those compilations, the six canonical books of Ahadith (Sihah Sittah) rank as the centerpiece.

I have a wish since long to present the Sound Six (Sihah Sittah) translated into modem English in such a way as to list the inferences and gainful conclusions drawn from each Hadith, to remove any misgiving and misunderstanding, satisfying the mind and soul, and reinforcing the faith. With this noble cause in view, Darussalam has solicited the services of several learned scholars and researchers who are working with zeal on the translation of the Sound Six and writing commentaries on them.

All the Ahadith of this collection have been documented, referenced and traced by the great research scholar, Hafiz Zubair ‘Ali Za’i.

One thing I want to mention is that in these collections, the original Arabic texts of the Ahadith contain complete chain of narrators while in translation, for the sake of simplicity, only the name of the first narrator is mentioned who narrated the Hadith from the Prophet.

‘Abdul-Malik Mujahid
Servant of Qur’an and Sunnah
Director Darussalam
Riyadh and Lahore.

Ibn Majah’s Book: As-Sunan

Ahadith began to be put down in writing even during the era of the Prophet (S), but these Ahadith were no better than compilations individuals. Their purpose was just to put them down in writing, with: regard for order or sequence. Later, during the caliphate of ‘Umar bin ‘Abdul-‘Aziz (99 AH-101 AH), the state undertook this task but most of the works in this field were the products of individual labor. During the second century of the Hijra calendar, famous books like Muwatta’ of Imam Malik and Musnad of Imam Shafi were prepared but the third stage recording Ahadith, known as the Golden Age, came only in the third century AH. Many collections were made in this age. These included the Six Books (Kutub Sittah), popularly known as the Sound Six (Sahah Sitta), Sunan of Ibn Majah being one of them and considered the last of them.

Sunan Ibn Majah began to be included in the Six Books by the end of the fifth century AH. Since then, in every succeeding age, it kept on growing value and importance. With respect to soundness and strength, Sunan Ad Darimi, Sunan Ad-Daraqutni and other books of Sunan were superior Sunan Ibn Majah but they did not gain popularity like Sunan Ibn Majah.

It is to be noted that Sunan is a technical term used by scholars of Had sciences to denote a book of Ahadith relating to legal rulings, from the Chapters of Purification down to the Chapter on Wills in the same order as followed in books of Islamic jurisprudence.

How important and useful the Sunan Ibn Majah is, can also be gauged the fact that when Ibn Majah showed his work to Imam Abu Zar’ah, the latter remarked: ‘If this book reached the public, all or most of the existing  Jawami would cease to be used. The words of Imam Abu Zar’ah proved be true to the last letter. Several Jawami, Musnads and Sunan were eclipsed by Ibn Majah’s Sunan.

Hafiz Ibn Hajar termed the book Jami’ Jaiyid (a good, comprehensive Hadith collection).

The book, As-Sunan by Imam Ibn Majah was an excellent and beneficial work that stunned the scholars of his time.

He himself said about the book: “I showed this book to Abu Zur’ah Razi. He checked it and said, ‘I think if people lay their hands on this book, all or most of other great compiled works will become unnecessary.” Continue reading

The Biography Of Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq

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Dr. Ali Muhammad As-Sallaabee
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 773 | Size: 19 MB

From the day he embraced Islam until the day he died, Abu Bakr As-Siddique أبو بكر الصديق (Radhi Allahu Anhu – May Allah be Pleased with Him) was the ideal Muslim, surpassing all other Companions in every sphere of life. During the Prophet’s lifetime, Abu Bakr was an exemplary soldier on the battlefield; upon the Prophet’s death, Abu Bakr (R) remained steadfast and, through the help of Allah, held this nation together. When others suggested keeping Usaamah’s army back, Abu Bakr insisted – and correctly so – that the army should continue the mission which the Prophet (S) had in mind. When people refused to pay Zakaat, and when the apostates threatened the stability of the Muslim nation, Abu Bakr was the one who remained firm and took decisive action against them. These are just some of the examples of Abu Bakr’s many wonderful achievements throughout his life. I have endeavored to describe all of the above in a clear and organized manner. But more so than anything else, I have tried to show how Abu Bakr’s methodology as a Muslim and as a ruler helped establish the foundations of a strong, stable, and prosperous country – one that began in Al-Madeenah, extended throughout the Arabian Peninsula, and then reached far-off lands outside of Arabia.

Throughout the brief period of his caliphate (about 2 years), Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (R) faced both internal and external challenges; the former mainly involved quelling the apostate factions of Arabia and establishing justice and peace among the citizens of the Muslim nation; and the latter mainly involved expanding the borders of the Muslim nation by spreading the message of Islam to foreign nations and conquering those nations that stood in the way of the propagation of Islam.

During the era of his caliphate, Khalifah Abu Bakr As Siddeeq (R) sent out armies that achieved important conquests; for example, under the command of Khaalid ibn Al-Waleed (R) the Muslim army gained an important victory in Iraq. And the Muslim army achieved other important victories under the commands of Al-Muthannah ibn Haarithah (R) and Al-Qa’qaa ibn ‘Amr (R). In short, the victories achieved during the era of Abu Bakr’s Caliphate paved the way for victories that later took place after Abu Bakr’s death. I have tried to analyze the above-mentioned conquests and to break down the reasons why they were such monumental successes. I particularly pointed out Abu Bakr’s contributions to those conquests: His military strategy, the leaders he chose, the letters through which he communicated with them, and so on.

Dr. Ali Muhammad As-Sallaabee is famous for his detailed books of history and biography that bring the past to life for modern readers. Dr. Sallabi was born in Libya in 1383 H/1963 CE, and earned a bachelor’s degree at the Islamic University of Madinah, graduating first in his class. He completed his master’s and doctorate degrees at Omdurman Islamic University in Sudan. Continue reading

Commanders Of The Muslim Army: Among The Companions Of The Prophet (PBUH)

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Mahmood Ahmad Ghadanfar
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 396 | Size: 3 MB

This book is about the lives of those noble Companions and Commanders who led the Islamic forces in the violent and strife-torn arenas of conflict against the Kuffar (disbelievers). They struck terror in the hearts of the enemy and the strong forts and palaces of Caesar and Chosroes trembled before their might. However in this compilation, there are not only the stories of the battlefields but also the stories of bravery and courage, valor and piety, austerity and simplicity. These stones describe the true circumstances that led the Muslims to fight snore powerful enemies than they were at that time.

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

مُّحَمَّدٌ۬ رَّسُولُ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ وَٱلَّذِينَ مَعَهُ ۥۤ أَشِدَّآءُ عَلَى ٱلۡكُفَّارِ رُحَمَآءُ بَيۡنَہُمۡ‌ۖ تَرَٮٰهُمۡ رُكَّعً۬ا سُجَّدً۬ا يَبۡتَغُونَ فَضۡلاً۬ مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ وَرِضۡوَٲنً۬ا‌ۖ سِيمَاهُمۡ فِى وُجُوهِهِم مِّنۡ أَثَرِ ٱلسُّجُودِ‌ۚ ذَٲلِكَ مَثَلُهُمۡ فِى ٱلتَّوۡرَٮٰةِ‌ۚ وَمَثَلُهُمۡ فِى ٱلۡإِنجِيلِ كَزَرۡعٍ أَخۡرَجَ شَطۡـَٔهُ ۥ فَـَٔازَرَهُ ۥ فَٱسۡتَغۡلَظَ فَٱسۡتَوَىٰ عَلَىٰ سُوقِهِۦ يُعۡجِبُ ٱلزُّرَّاعَ لِيَغِيظَ بِہِمُ ٱلۡكُفَّارَ‌ۗ وَعَدَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَمِلُواْ ٱلصَّـٰلِحَـٰتِ مِنۡہُم مَّغۡفِرَةً۬ وَأَجۡرًا عَظِيمَۢا

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

“Muhammad (S) is the Messenger of Allah. And those who are with him are severe against disbelievers, and merciful among themselves. You see them bowing and falling down prostrate (in prayer), seeking Bounty from Allah and (His) Good Pleasure. The mark of them (i.e. of their Faith) is on their faces (foreheads) from the traces of prostration (during prayers). This is their description in the Taurat (Torah). But their description in the Injeel (Gospel) is like a (sown) seed which sends forth its shoot, then makes it strong, and becomes thick and it stands straight on its stem, delighting the cowers, that He may enrage the disbelievers with them. Allah has promised those among them who believe (i.e. all those who follow Islamic Monotheism, the religion of Prophet Muhammad till the Day of Resurrection) and do righteous good deeds, forgiveness and a mighty reward (i.e. Paradise).” (The Noble Qur’an 48:29)

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Publisher’s Note:

All Praises are due to Allah the Almighty, the Lord of all that exists. May Allah’s peace and blessing be upon His final Prophet and Messenger, Muhammad, his family and his Companions.

Darussalam is pleased to present this valuable book, ‘Commanders of the Muslim Army (Among the Companions of the Prophet (S))’ compiled in the Urdu language, by a great scholar and a compiler of Islamic books, Mahmood Ahmad Ghadanfar and translated by our Islamic sister Jamila Muhammad Qawi.

This book is about the life stories of the Prophet’s Companions who led the Muslim army that was trained by the Messenger of Allah (S)”. Once during the training when the Prophet asked about the strategy to adopt in the battle, one of his Companion, ‘Asim bin Thabit (R) had stood up with his bow in his hand and replied:
“When the enemy is a hundred yards away, we will use our bows and arrows; when the enemy comes closer, we will fight with our spears; when the spears break, we will have a hand to hand combat with our swords.”

When the Prophet (S) heard this, he said:
“Doubtless this was the way to fight a battle. Whoever wishes to take part in a battle should adopt the strategy of ‘Asim bin Thabat.”

These great martial Commanders improved upon and developed the strategies and principles first enunciated by the Prophet (S). They loved death more than life in their pursuit of the righteous and true religion, therefore sometimes the opposing forces were ten times larger than the Muslim army and with superior arms, yet most often it were the forces of Islam which were victorious. Therefore the Prophet (S) gave some of them the title of Saifullah (Sword of Allah) and the title of Lion of Allah.

After the death of the Prophet (S), the empire of Islam spread over an area of ten hundred thousand square miles. We should have to study inevitably the lives of these remarkable military leaders if we are deeply interested in learning about the Islamic history.

Pray to Allah the Almighty that He grants them all – the writer, translator and editor and everyone else who participated by any means – the best reward in this world and in the Hereafter, for having supported in the completion of such a valuable book. Ameen. Continue reading

The Madhhab Of Ahl Ul-Hadeeth In Fiqh

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Shaykh Mashhur bin Hasan Al Salman
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 43 | Size: 1 MB

Unto Ahl ul-Hadeeth is a Madhhab which is mentioned within the compendiums, it is a Madhhab which has distinguishing characteristics and particularities. Between it and the madhhab of the fuqaha, and the Dhahiri Madhhab, are signs which are hidden from some students. There are indications, and actually clear texts, within the hadeeth and narrations, which contain a clear mention of the madhhab of Ahl ul-Hadeeth. The madhhab of Ahl ul-Hadeeth and the Madhhab of Ahl us-Sunnah, the Madhhab ul-Athar, is the Salafi Madhhab. ‘Salafiyyah’ and ‘Ahl ul-Hadeeth’ are two synonymous terms, however the terms ‘Ahl ul-Hadeeth’ and ‘Ahl us-Sunan’ are relayed in some Prophetic texts and in some narrations from the Companions and the Successors. The good starts off altogether then its components split up like material objects. During the first illustrious era all of the people were like police and security officers and the ’Ulama were Khutaba’, Qudat (judges) and Imams of Masajid. Knowledge and action, the rulers and the people were all united and undivided, then the reasons for strength within the Ummah became scattered and divided, and as is said this was in regards to concrete matters of life as it was also for matters of fiqh.

The Sahabah (radi Allahu ’anhum) have the most knowledge among the people headed by the four rightly guided Caliphs especially Abu Bakr and ’Umar, may Allah be pleased with all of them. Fiqh is not merely babbling statements and then expounding and verifying them, rather fiqh is to achieve the truth which Allah loves. If we are to look within the compendiums of lengthy fiqh works and we tried to find the fiqh of Abu Bakr and ’Umar with a fine tooth comb we would only find but a little. This is as opposed to the fiqh that we find for example from the younger Sahabah like Ibn ’Abbas, Ibn ’Umar, Jabir and others. This is because momentous events constantly crop up and matters arise which were not found among those people before, so the Sahabah needed to express their views and clarify what was obligatory upon them. Abu Bakr and ’Umar were the way of living during their era as they were during the era of Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu ’alayhi wassallam), and the slogan of Abu Bakr, despite the emergence of Ridda during his time, “I will send forth Usamah’s army”2 which raised the banner of following (the Prophet, sallallahu ’alayhi wassallam) and not to estimate the benefits and harms based on what opposes the instructions which are sensed or based on the text. So from the beginning the banner of following (Ittiba’) was raised because in following the guidance of the Prophet (sallallahu ’alayhi wassallam), his heart and mind became open to the blessing of the Revelation. Abu Bakr believed in al-Isra wa’l-Miraj while the minds of the disbelievers became narrow in regards to it, to the extent that Abu Jahl said to Abu Bakr, after being informed of the Miraj: “If I were to gather all of the kuffar of Quraysh in front of you would you tell them what you told me?” Abu Jahl found Abu Bakr’s (radi Allahu ’anhu) affirmation strange, yet this was the Companions manner.

The Companions dispersed into different countries and the Sunnah which was in their chests also disseminated within the different countries and some countries are distinguished with some aspects of the Sunan. To the extent that Muhammad ibn ’Abdullah al-Hakim an-Naysaburi,3 the author of al-Mustadrak, authored a work on the regions which were distinguished by the Sunan of the Prophet (sallallahu ’alayhi wassallam). When the Companions dispersed throughout the lands the Sunnah also became dispersed on account of their diffusion. Imam ash-Shafi’i acknowledges in his book Jami’ ul-’Ilm that it is difficult for one man to compile all the hadeeth of Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu ’alayhi wassallam), due to the dispersal of the Sunnah at that time. Hadeeth was fiqh and fiqh was hadeeth and there are tens of events about issues in which the Sahabah and Tabi’in were asked and they did not say a word except that they traced a hadeeth back to the Prophet (sallallahu ’alayhi wassallam) and this is a very important. Continue reading

The Islamic Conquest Of Syria – A Translation Of Futuhusham: The Inspiring History Of The Sahabah’s Conquest Of Syria

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Al-Imam al-Waqidi
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 587 | Size: 32 MB

The Islamic Conquest of Syria – A Translation of Futuhusham: The inspiring history of the Sahabah’s conquest of Syria

“Glory be to Allah, the keys of Syria have been given to me,” proclaimed Rasulullah (PBUH) at a time when Muslims were facing complete destruction. Yet fourteen years later, Yazid bin Abi Sufyan marched into Caesarea, the last Roman stronghold of resistance in Syria.

The Islamic Conquest Of Syria, is the first complete English translation of Futuhusham, the ninth century Arabic classic detailing the Muslim advance into Syria. The English reader has, for the first time, the opportunity to read about the great epic struggle of a small ill-equipped band of Muslims that overthrew the superpower of their day. Events only briefly mentioned in other books are graphically described here, such as the Battle of Al Yarmuk, which changed the course of world history. The great personalities of early Islam are brought to life in a unique way. The strategies of Khalid bin al Walid, the piety of Abu Ubaydah al Jarrah, the bravery of Dirar al Kindi and many more are vividly described. The text also sheds light on some lesser-known aspects of Islamic history such as the significant role of women and Roman princes who had embraced Islam

Al Imam Al Waqidi, the great historian, was born at the beginning of 130 AH in Al Madinah, where he began his studies. He migrated to Iraq in 180 AH during the reign of Mamun ar Rashid. There Yahya al Barmaki welcomed him due to his great learning and he was included as one of Mamun’s elite. He was soon appointed as judge and held this post until his death in 207 AH. Continue reading