An Introduction To The Science Of Hadith By Ibn Al-Salah

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Ibn al-Salah al-Shahrazuri
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 315 | Size: 20 MB

An Introduction to the Science of Hadith By Ibn Al-Salah al-Shahrazuri. After the Qur’an itself, the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad form the most important foundation of Islamic thought. The hadith were accounts — usually brief — of the words and actions of the Prophet. As such, they were subjected to intense scrutiny by generations of Muslim scholars. Better know as the Muqaddima, Ibn al-Salah (1181-1245) composed this work while serving as the head of the Dar al-Hadith al-Ashrafiya in Damascus, one of the most prestigious institutions for the study of hadith in the Islamic world. Here he provides a complete overview of the science devoted to the study of the words and actions of the Prophet Muhammad, and also a guide to the terminology and techniques of the scholars of hadith as it summarizes most of the previous work on the subject and forms the basis of almost all later activity in the field. The book enjoyed immense popularity and influenced most subsequent writing on the subject. Continue reading

A Hand Through The Door For My New Sister [In Accordance With The Qur’an And Authentic Sunnah Of The Prophet Muhammed (PBUH)]

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Yasmin bint Ismail
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 258 | Size: 5.5 MB

This book, A Hand Through the Door for my New Sister, written by an American Muslimah (female Muslim), is a reference work covering numerous aspects of the religion which are of concern to the sea of new sisters whom Allah has guided to be members of the religion of truth and guidance, Islam. It also, however, equally concerns Muslim ladies of all backgrounds and levels who desier to learn various aspects of their religion.

Of the matters this book discusses are the pillars of Islam, the articles of faith, tawhid (monotheism), and its opposite (shirk), the dress of a believing lady, rulings pertaining to mense, assocations and interaction with family members, marriage, divorce, the food of the believers, repentance, death, paradise and hell, and a number of other aspects of the religion.

A significant feature of this book is that the author has relied on and provided textual evidence from the Qur’an and authentic Sunnah for the many rulings presented throughout the discourse. We pray that Allah rewards the author for her work and concern and may this book of good use to all those who read it. Continue reading

110 Ahadith Qudsi (Sacred Ahadith): Sayings Of The Prophet (PBUH) Having Allah’s Statements

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S. Masood-ul-Hasan
Language: Arabic – English | Format: PDF | Pages: 129 | Size: 4.5 MB

Ahadith are the sayings, deeds and approvals of the Prophet (PBUH) under Divine guidance and are generally traced back to the Prophet (PBUH) as regards to their authority. But some Ahadith hold a distinct place and are termed as Ahadith Qudsi (Sacred Ahadith) and the authority in these Ahadith is attributed to Allah through the Prophet (PBUH). It is a collection of 110 such Ahadith relating to the important aspects of daily life so that the readers may get benefited from it for the success in this life as well as in the Hereafter. Continue reading

Sahih Muslim (Complete Version)

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Imam Muslim
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 1850 | Size: 2 MB

In the Name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful. Sahih Muslim is a collection of sayings and deeds of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) (also known as the sunnah). The reports of the Prophet’s sayings and deeds are called ahadith. Muslim lived a couple of centuries after the Prophet’s death and worked extremely hard to collect his ahadith. Each report in his collection was checked for compatibility with the Qur’an, and the veracity of the chain of reporters had to be painstakingly established. Muslim’s collection is recognized by the overwhelming majority of the Muslim world to be one of the most authentic collections of the Sunnah of the Prophet (pbuh). Muslim (full name Abul Husain Muslim bin al−Hajjaj al−Nisapuri) was born in 202 A. H. and died in 261 A. H. He travelled widely to gather his collection of ahadith, including to Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Egypt. Out of 300,000 ahadith which he evaluated, only 4,000 approximately (including multiple hadith in a single one i. e. multiple quotations) were extracted for inclusion into his collection based on stringent acceptance criteria. Muslim was a student of Bukhari. It is important to realize, however, that Muslim’s collection is not complete: there are other scholars who worked as Muslim did and collected other authentic reports. The translation of Sahih Muslim found here is complete!

Muslims believe that Sahih Muslim is the most authentic book of Hadith after Sahih Al-Bukhari. The Muslim Scholars have agreed that all of the Ahadith in Sahih Muslim are authentic. Thus, Darussalam realized the great benefit of publishing Al-Hafiz Al-Mundhiri’s summarized version of Sahih Muslim in the English language. Much care has been taken in rendering these Ahadith into a clear and simple style of modern English. May Allah accept our work. Summarized Sahih Muslim contains 2179 Hadith with 70 categories (referred as books). Both volumes combined contain 1208 pages with index and appendix.

The full name of Imam Muslim is Abul-Hussain `Asakiruddin Muslim bin Hajjaj AlQushairi An-Naisaburi. He belonged to the Qushair tribe of the Arab clan Rabi’ah. He was born in 202 or 206 H (819 or 821 CE) in Nishapur, a town of Iran. His parents were religious people and so he was brought up in a pious environment. He spent all of his life as a pious and righteous person. A distinguishing attribute of his excellent character is that he never indulged in backbiting, which is a common human shortcoming. Imam Muslim travelled far and wide to collect the Ahadith (traditions) in the countries of Arabia, Egypt, Iraq and Syria, and benefited from the prominent Hadith scholars of that time by attending the lectures and classes of those learned persons. His teachers included Ishaq bin Rawaih, Ahmad bin Hanbal, Ubaidullah Al-Qawariri, Qutaibah bin Said, Abdullah bin Maslamah, Harmalah bin Yahya and others. Afterwards he settled down at Nishapur, where he came into contact with Imam Bukhari. Seeing the vast knowledge and deep insight of him in the Ahadith of the Prophet (PBUH), Imam Muslim remained attached with him until the end of his life. He also attended the lectures of another scholar of Hadith, Muhammad bin Yahya AdhDhuhli, but when the difference of opinion arose between Imam Bukhari and Muhammad bin Yahya on the issue of the creation of the Noble Qur’an, Imam Muslim favored Imam Bukhari and left the company of Muhammad bin Yahya. Imam Muslim compiled many books and treatises on Hadith, the most important of his works is the compilation of the Hadith collection Al-Jami `As-Sahih, which is famous by the name of Sahih Muslim. Some scholars of Hadith opine that in some respects it is the best and most authentic collection of Ahadith. Imam Muslim laboriously collected 3,00,000 Ahadith, but after a critical study, he selected only 4,000 Ahadith for this collection. Other contributions of Imam Muslim on the subject of Hadith are: Al-Kitab Al-Musnad Al-Kabir Alar-Rijkl, Al-Jami’Al-Kabir, Kitab-ul-Asma’ wal-Kuna, Kitab-ul’Ilal, Kitab-ul-Wahdan, etc. Many students learned the Science of Hadith from Imam Muslim. Those who became famous and occupied a prominent position are: Abu Hatim Razi, Musa bin Harun, Ahmad bin Salamah, Abu `Isa Tirmidhi, Abu Bakr bin Khuzaimah, Abu `Awanah and Hafiz Dhahbi. Imam Muslim died at the age of fifty-seven years in 261 H (875 CE) and was buried in the suburbs of Nishapur. Continue reading

An Explanation Of Riyadh Al-Saliheen From The Words Of The Master Of The Messengers

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Imam Nawawi; Shaykh Muhammad ibn Salih al-Uthaymeen
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 307 | Size: 12.5 MB

A comprehensive explanation and commentary of the first 24 hadith of Imam al-Nawawi’s classic compilation, Riyadh al-Saliheen.

Verily all Praise is for Allah, we praise Him, we seek His assistance, and we appeal for His forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil of our souls, and from the evil of our actions. Whosoever Allah guides, there is none to lead him astray, and whosoever Allah leads astray, there is none to guide him.

I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of being worshipped except Allah alone, without [any form] of associate. I testify that Muhammad is His Slave and Messenger, Seal of the Prophets, and Master of the Messengers. He is His proof upon His entire creation.

Allah the Most High sent him with the True Religion and the Straight Path. He fashioned his Vocation, universal and absolute until the Day of Judgement. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and his family.

Verily Allah the Exalted, the Most High, sent His Messenger Muhammad (PBUH) with the Guidance, and revealed upon him al-Qur’an. A complete constitution for this eternal Ummah, until Allah inherits the earth and that which is upon it.

He bestowed upon him the interpretation of al-Qur’an and something comparable to it, with it.

For the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) is composed of statement and action, it is derived from the Book of Allah, and is indicative of its meaning.

The Companions of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) promptly seized the Noble Book and the Purified Sunnah, safeguarding, studying and recording [the two sources of revelation].

Allah obligated Himself the task of protecting and preserving His Honoured Book. He appointed for the Prophetic tradition, those who would protect and devote their attention to it, from the time of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) to our time now, and until Allah inherits the earth and that which is upon it.

By the providence/ of Allah, the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) has occupied the platform of patronage and concern by the Scholars in every age and land. Hence, they have completed the preservation, recording and codification [of the Sunnah] [by means of] the works of Musnad, the authentic compilations, the works of Sunan, and the Hadeeth based lexicons. From amongst those who have participated in this noble service of the Sunnah and it’s codification is Imam Abu Zakariyyah Yahya ibn SharafAl-Nawawee Al-Dimashqee [631-676 H]. He is reckoned to be amongst the exemplary and distinguished personalities of the seventh century. He authored numerous books of great benefit in miscellaneous subjects, ubiquitously accredited with praise and eulogy for their immense value.

Accordingly, the Scholars devoted themselves to their study, deriving benefit, and transmitting from them by virtue of their utility. Amongst the most ubiquitous in presence and apparent in circulation, between the Scholars’ and the general populace, is the book [entitled] Riyadh al- Saliheen. Continue reading

The Book Of Knowledge

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Abu Khaisamah Zuhair Bin Harb Al-Nisai
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 40 | Size: 1 MB

This treatise is comprised of a collection of ahaadeeth (sayings of the Prophet) and athaar (sayings of the Salaf) on the subject of Islaamic Knowledge. By reading the various narrations, it is hoped that the reader will benefit and reflect on the merits and virtues of seeking, acquiring and teaching knowledge. The treatise also provides a first-hand look on how the Salaf’s attitude was with respect to knowledge – how they sought it, how they learned it and how they taught it to others. There are several narrations, also, that give us a description of the characteristics of some of the Salaf, their knowledge and their virtues.

Therefore, this treatise is of the utmost importance, as it provides the reader with an account of the Salaf – those whom we are obligated to follow and take their example. And it deals with one of the most important topics in Islaam, which is Knowledge, since knowledge is the foundation that is required before doing all sayings and actions. Al-Haafidh Ibn ‘Abd-il-Barr said: “The scholars have unanimously agreed that there is from knowledge that which is a specified obligation upon every individual with respect to himself (fard ‘ayn) and that which is a collective obligation (fard kifaayah) – if someone rises to fulfill it, its obligation becomes withdrawn from the remaining people of that area.”

The treatise has been verified by the great scholar of our time, Imaam Muhammad Naasir-ud-Deen Al-Albaanee. He has provided gradings for many of the narrations as well as notes and commentaries that give an explanation for some of these narrations.

A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY OF THE AUTHOR
He was Abu Khaithama Zuhair Ibn Harb Ibn Shadaad An-Nasaa’ee. He was a great Haafidh, reliable in narration and firm in memory. He narrated hadeeth from many scholars, the likes of Sufyaan Ibn ‘Uyainah, Hushaim Ibn Basheer, Yahyaa Ibn Sa’eed Al-Qattaan, ‘Abd-ur-Rahmaan Ibn Mahdee and Wakee’.

Similarly, many scholars narrated from him, such as Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim, the latter of whom reported so many hadeeth on his authority, that they number past a thousand. The scholars agree unanimously upon his reliability and trustworthiness (in the field of hadeeth).

Ibn Hibbaan (rahimahullaah)) said of him:

“He was precise and accurate in memory. And he was one of the close companions of Ahmad and Yahyaa Ibn Ma’een.”

Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee (rahimahullaah) said:
“He was reliable, trustworthy, possessed good memory and he was precise (in narration). He was born in the year 160H and died in the year 234H. May Allaah have mercy on him. Continue reading

The Compilation Of Hadith

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Shaykh Abdul Ghaffar Hassan Rehmaanee
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 23 | Size: 1 MB

Indeed all praise is for Allaah, we praise Him and we seek His aid and we seek His forgiveness. And we seek refuge with Allaah from the evil of our souls and from our wicked deeds. Whomsoever Allaah guides, none can misguide, and whomsoever Allaah misguides, none can guide.

We further bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah alone, without partner or associate, and we bear witness that Muhammad (sal-Allaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) is His slave and Messenger.

This book is a translation of the introduction to the Urdu booklet “Intikhaab-e- Hadeeth” (The Compilation of Hadeeth) of Shaykh Abdul Ghaffar Hassan Rehmaanee.

In this treatise Shaykh Abdul Ghaffar Hassan deals with the topic of the compilation of hadeeth. The Shaykh explains various issues related to the preservation and compilation of hadeeth, including the method of preservation, the periods of compilation of hadeeth and the first books of hadeeth.

The Shaykh goes onto explain the different sciences of hadeeth that were developed to preserve and explain the ahaadeeth and other books written on various subjects over the centuries.

May Allaah reward the Shaykh for this booklet explaining the compilation of hadeeth. We ask Allaah to accept this work as a sincere act and that He place it in our scale of good deeds on the Day of Judgement. And we ask that He benefit all the Muslims generally with it. Ameen. Continue reading

Book Of The End – Great Trials & Tribulations

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Al-Hafiz Ibn Katheer Dimashqi
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 749 | Size: 22.5 MB

Like everything, the present universe will also come to an end, and it is a part of our faith to believe in the Last Day. The signs of the Day of Judgment have been foretold by our Prophet (S). Ibn Kathir has collected all the prophesies of the Prophet (S) in his book Al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah.

In this volume, we have presented from them the signs of the Hour and the events that are yet to take place, although mentioning very few examples of those prophesies that have already been realized.

O Allah, send prayers and salutations on Muhammad, his family, and his Companions. This is the Book of The End: Great Trials and Tribulations. It deals with what the Prophet informed us about regarding the signs of the Hour and the great events that are to take place before the Day of Judgment, all of which we must have faith in, because the Prophet spoke not from desire, but from revelation.

Abu Moosa Al-Ash’aree related that the Messenger of Allah said, “This nation of mine is one upon which there is mercy; there is no punishment upon it in the Hereafter; its punishment is in this world – with trials, earthquakes, and killings.”

Hitherto in our discussion on the unseen past, we covered in detail events that pertain to the beginning of the world, the stories of the prophets, and the history of peoples until our era. Then we discussed the biography of the Prophet (S) mentioning his characteristics and the proofs of his prophet hood. Then we covered some events that the Prophet prophesized about and that have already taken place before our century. When we gave an account of events that took place after the Prophet’s death, we pointed out those occurrences about which a Hadeeth gave information. Since we already mentioned those prophesies that have already become realized and since it would be too long to repeat them all here, we will suffice by mentioning only a few examples, after which we will return to the main theme of this work. And we seek help from Allah. Continue reading

Rules Governing The Criticism Of Hadeeth

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Dr. Mahmoud At-Tahhaan
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 24 | Size: 1 MB

A hadith (pl. ahadith) is composed of two parts: the matn (text) and the isnad (chain of reporters). A text may seem to be logical and reasonable but it needs an authentic isnad with reliable reporters to be acceptable; ‘Abdullah b. al-Mubarak (d. 181 AH) is reported to have said,

“The isnad is part of the religion: had it not been for the isnad, whoever wished to would have said whatever he liked.”

During the lifetime of the Prophet (SAS) and after his death, his Companions (Sahabah) used to refer to him when quoting his sayings. The Successors (Tabi’un) followed suit; some of them used to quote the Prophet (SAS) through the Companions while others would omit the intermediate authority – such a hadith was known as mursal (loose). It was found that the missing link between the Successor and the Prophet (SAS) might be one person, i.e. a Companion, or two persons, the extra person being an older Successor who heard the hadith from the Companion. This is an example of how the need for the verification of each isnad arose. Malik (d. 179) said,

“The first one to utilise the isnad was Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri” (d. 124 AH).

Mustalah al-Hadith and Rijal

As time passed, more reporters were involved in each isnad, and so the situation demanded strict discipline in the acceptance of ahadith; the rules regulating this discipline are known as Mustalah al-Hadith (the Science of Hadith).

Mustalah books speak of a number of classes of hadith in accordance with their status. The following classifications can be made, each of which is explained later:

1. According to the reference to a particular authority, e.g. the Prophet (SAS), a Companion, or a Successor; such ahadith are called marfu’ (elevated), mauquf (delayed) and maqtu’ (severed) respectively .

2. According to the nature of the chain of reporters, i.e. whether interrupted or uninterrupted, e.g. musnad (supported), muttasil (continuous), munqati” (broken), mu’allaq (suspended), mu’dal (perplexing) and mursal (loose).

3. According to the number of reporters involved in each isnad, e.g. mutawatir (consecutive) and ahad (isolated), the latter being divided into gharib (rare), ‘aziz (scarce), and mash-hur (widespread) .

4. According to the way in which a saying has been reported such as using the words ‘an ( – “on the authority of”), haddathana ( – “he narrated to us”), akhbarana ( – “he informed us”) or sami’tu ( – “I heard”). In this category falls the discussion about mudallas (concealed) and musalsal (connected) ahadith.

5. According to the nature of the matn and isnad, e.g. an addition by a reliable reporter, known as ziyadah thiqa, or opposition by a lesser authority to a more reliable one, known as shadh (aloof). In some cases a text containing a vulgar expression, unreasonable remark or an apparently erroneous statement is rejected by the traditionists outright without consideration of the isnad. Such a hadith is known as munkar (denounced). If an expression or statement is proved to be an addition by a reporter to the text, it is declared as mudraj (added). Continue reading

Islamic Studies (Book1)

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Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 252 | Size: 3.5 MB

A valuable and inspiring text for teenagers and/or new Muslims, Islamic Studies Book I, offers an preliminary study of the main topics needed to build a solid foundation of Islamic knowledge. Including an introduction to Tawheed (Islamic monotheism), as well as the sciences of tafseer (explanation of the Qur’an), hadeeth (teachings of the Prophet, peace be upon him) and fiqh (Islamic Law), the author explains the most essential information in a simple and logical manner, while giving real-life examples to engage the reader.

Topping off each Unit with thought-provoking comprehension questions that force the reader to reflect upon and rethink what he has learned make this series of books the most essential, practical resource for the new student of Islam.

Hediyah AI-Amin, Columnist, The Peninsula, Doha, Qatar

“An excellently written series of educationally sound texts by which to systematically learn the foundations of Islam. They are specifically designed for new Muslims and educational institutions.”

– Amjad Khan, Production Editor, The Weekly’ Gulf Times, Doha, Qatar About the Author: DR. ABU AMEENAH BILAL PHILlPS was born in Jamaica, West Indies, and grew up in Canada, where he accepted Islam in 1972. He completed a BA from the College of Islamic Disciplines (Usool ad-Deen) at the Islamic University of Madeenah in 1979 and a M.A. in Islamic Theology in 1985 at the University of Riyadh, College of Education. In 1994 he completed a Ph.D. in Islamic Theology in the department of Islamic Studies at the University of Wales.

From 1994 to 2001, Dr. Bilal founded and directed the Islamic Information Center in Dubai, United Arab Emirates and the Foreign Literature Department of Dar al Fatah Islamic Press in Sharjah, UAE. In the year 2001, Dr. Bilal established the Islamic Online University, the first accredited Islamic university on the Internet. He was a professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies at the American University in Dubai and Ajman University, head of the Department of Arabic and Islamic Studies at Preston University-Ajman, UAE, and a lecturer at Qatar Guest Center, Doha, Qatar. More information may be found about him and his activities at http://www.bilalphilips.com. Continue reading