Imam Abdul Qadir Ibn Abdil Aziz
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 36 | Size: 1 MB
This book is taken from a chapter within the book “Al-‘Umdah Fī I’dād Al-‘Uddah Lil-Jihādi Fī Sabīlillāhi Ta’ālā”, “The Pillar Regarding Making Ready The Preparation For Jihād In The Path of Allāh Ta’ālā”, by Imām ‘Abdul-Qādir Ibn ‘Abdil-‘Azīz, may Allāh free him from prison. The Chapter is entitled “Al-Usūl Al-Khamsah Li-Tahaqquq Sunnat An Nasr Aw Takhallufihā”, “The Five Ground Rules for the Achievement of the Tradition of Victory or Its Absence”. Our work in this book was mainly translating it, but there were also a few footnotes added for clarity. Any footnote added will be preceded by “Trans. Note”. Also, there are many instances where the Imām would mention a Verse, then mention the Sūrah in which the Verse is located, but not mention the Verse number. We have added the Verse numbers, but not preceded this with the previous addition, as it seemed unnecessary. We also added the title “Conclusion and Follow-Up Discussion” near the end in order to differentiate the five ground rules from the Imām’s discussion afterwards. We ask Allāh to reward the Imām and us, as well as make this work beneficial for the Muslims.
And they are: The first: That victory is in the Hand of Allāh, Ta’ālā, Alone. The Second: That Allāh, Ta’ālā, promised His Believing slaves victory over their enemy in the Dunyā. The Third: That this promise of victory is only for the People of Complete Īmān, and for every Believer is his share of this promise according to the amount of his Īmān. The Fourth: That the absence of this promise means the absence of its Īmānī conditions. The Fifth: That if this promise is absent, then the slave doesn’t become deserving of it unless he changes his state in order to complete the conditions of this promise.
And the clarification of these fundamentals is as follows: The First Ground Rule: “That Victory is in the Hand of Allāh, Ta’ālā, Alone.” Due to Allāh, Ta’āla’s, saying,
وَمَا ٱلنَّصۡرُ إِلَّا مِنۡ عِندِ ٱللَّهِۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ
And there is no victory except from Allāh
[Sūrat Āl ‘Imrān, 126 and Sūrat Al-Anfāl, 10]
And this Verse includes that which is considered to be from the strongest methods of restriction, and it is the negation, “…no…”, followed by the exception, “…except…”. And this meaning is also understood from His, Ta’ālās, saying,
إِن يَنصُرۡكُمُ ٱللَّهُ فَلَا غَالِبَ لَكُمۡۖ وَإِن يَخۡذُلۡكُمۡ فَمَن ذَا ٱلَّذِى يَنصُرُكُم مِّنۢ بَعۡدِهِۦۗ وَعَلَى ٱللَّهِ فَلۡيَتَوَكَّلِ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ
If Allāh helps you, none can overcome you; and if He forsakes you, who is there after Him that can help you? 2 And when this meaning was absent from some of the Companions, may Allāh be pleased with them, in the Battle of Hunayn, and they were impressed by their great numbers, the defeat took place so they would know that the numbers and the materials do not benefit anything except by the permission of Allāh. He, Ta’ālā, said, [Sūrat Āl ‘Imrān, 160]
لَقَدۡ نَصَرَڪُمُ ٱللَّهُ فِى مَوَاطِنَ ڪَثِيرَةٍ۬ۙ وَيَوۡمَ حُنَيۡنٍۙ إِذۡ أَعۡجَبَتۡڪُمۡ كَثۡرَتُڪُمۡ فَلَمۡ تُغۡنِ عَنڪُمۡ شَيۡـًٔ۬ا وَضَاقَتۡ عَلَيۡڪُمُ ٱلۡأَرۡضُ بِمَا رَحُبَتۡ ثُمَّ وَلَّيۡتُم مُّدۡبِرِينَ
ثُمَّ أَنزَلَ ٱللَّهُ سَكِينَتَهُ ۥ عَلَىٰ رَسُولِهِۦ وَعَلَى ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ وَأَنزَلَ جُنُودً۬ا لَّمۡ تَرَوۡهَا وَعَذَّبَ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْۚ وَذَٲلِكَ جَزَآءُ ٱلۡكَـٰفِرِينَ
Truly, Allāh has given you victory on many battle fields, and on the Day of Hunayn, when you rejoiced at your great number, but it availed you naught and the Earth, vast as it is, was straitened for you, then you turned back in flight. Then Allāh did send down His Sakīnah (calmness, tranquility and reassurance, etc.) on the Messenger and on the Believers, and sent down forces (Angels) which you saw not, and punished those who disbelieved. Such is the recompense of disbelievers. [Sūrat At-Tawbah, 25-26]
So He, Subhānahu, reminded them that He gave them victory in many battle fields, with less than this great number which they were impressed by, and that when they were impressed and inclined to the great number, it did not benefit them in any way, so they were defeated. Then Allāh gave them victory after the defeat, to clarify to them that the victory is from Him, not due to the great number which did not benefit. So He, Subhānahu, through the defeat, returned them to the first matter which had become absent from some of them, (and) that matter is “And there is no victory except from Allāh”. Continue reading