Mustafa Ahmad Al-Zarqa
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In the Name of Allah, The Compassionate, The Merciful
Great and sublime achievements can he manifest in different fields of human action, and so there are great figures in science and philosophy, in public service and generosity, in war, etc. But in whatever field, the greatness of such achievements is founded upon its generating raison d’être, just as the strength of the trunk of a tree is founded upon the strength of its roots. And, accordingly, the value, importance and enduring quality of this greatness lie in the potency of its grounds.
We affirm that true greatness is based on many pillars and essentials, of which the most important are these four:
First, the psychological and moral qualities of the individual. Second, the nobility and worth of the fundamental values initiated by the individual, and upon which the individual’s actions were based. Third, the extent of the realization of these fundamental values in actions by the individual. Fourth. the extent of the individual’s success in forming a well-qualified leading generation to shoulder the responsibility for maintaining those fundamentals and continuing to put them into effect.
Certainly, greatness cannot be comprehensive nor full unless it contains all of these four elements. In the pages that follow, we shall show the greatness of our Prophet Muhammad, may peace and the blessings of Allah be upon him, in the light of these essential elements, depending for our demonstration on solid facts and historical evidence.
The First Pillar
As to the first pillar, psychological and personal moral qualities, the authentic biographies of the Prophet teach us that he was the very pattern of excellence, the noblest exemplar. Before he was called to prophethood, he was a peerless example of the good youth, of complete purity. The people of his tribe called him ‘the Trustworthy . In a Jahili society, he did not drink wine, nor worshipped idols, nor sought amusement in improper ways, Not even those of his tribe who became mortal enemies after lie was called to prophethood. imputed any misconduct to him. He was affectionate to the poor, tender— hearted to the weak, and a supporter of the oppressed. That is why he took part in the Fudel pact in which some good people bound themselves to help the weak and oppressed and to recover their rights against abuse by the tyranny of tribal chieftains.
After his prophethood, ‘A’isha, the Mother of the Faithful, may Allah be pleased with her, described him in this way in a sound hadith: ‘His moral was the Qur’an itself’, meaning that the moral qualities mentioned in the Qur’in and the injunctions revealed by divine command, were all hamionized in his person. ‘A’isha also said that ‘Allah’s Messenger, may peace and the blessings of Allah be upon him, never took revenge for himself unless the things made inviolate by Allah were violated; he then took revenge for Allah.”
After the Angel Gabriel appeared to the Prophet at the cave of Hira and he came home trembling to tell his wife Khadija about what had happened, she said: ‘By Allah, Allah will never disgrace you.
You keep good relations with your kith and kin, serve your guests generously and assist the deserving who have been affected by calamity.’
After these general remarks about the Prophet’s personal qualities, we shall now refer to four particular virtues, which no other great person has exhibited all together, especially not those who have enjoyed power. Continue reading