An Introduction To Qur’anic And Classical Arabic

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W.M Thackston
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 177 | Size: 8 MB

An Introduction to Koranic and Classical Arabic is an elementary-level grammar of standard classical Arabic, the literary norm of the Arabic language that has not changed appreciably in fourteen hundred years. An indispensable tool for all who are interested in Islamic religion, science, and literature, the language presented in this book will enable the learner to study firsthand the primary sources of Islamic civilization and the classics of the Islamic Near East. The grammar is presented clearly and in a logical progression amply illustrated by examples, most of which, along with the readings, have been taken directly from the text of the Koran and the body of hadith (the reports of Muhammad’s Peace be upon him sayings) and supplemented with extracts from other classical sources. Continue reading

Arabic-English Dictionary Of Qur’anic Usage

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El-Said M. Badawi and M. A. Abdel Haleem
Language: Arabic – English | Format: PDF | Pages: 1097 | Size: 8 MB

The Qur’an is the living source of all Islamic teaching, and is of singular importance to those interested in Islam and the study of religions. Despite this, there exists a long-felt lack of research tools for English first-language speakers who wish to access the Qur’an in the original Arabic. The Dictionary of Qur’anic Usage is the first comprehensive, fully-researched and contextualised Arabic-English dictionary of Qur’anic usage, compiled in accordance with modern lexicographical methods by scholars who have a lifelong immersion in Qur’anic Studies. Based on Classical Arabic dictionaries and Qur’an commentaries, this work also emphasises the role of context in determining the meaning-scatter of each vocabulary item. Illustrative examples from Qur’anic verses are provided in support of the definitions given for each context in which a particular word occurs, with cross-references to other usages. Frequently occurring grammatical particles are likewise thoroughly explained, insofar as they are used in conveying various nuances of meaning in the text. Continue reading

The Clear Qur’anic Exegesis

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Muhammad Khayr Ramadan Yusuf
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 307 | Size: 2.5 MB

All praise is due to Allah Who revealed the Qur’an. Peace and blessings be upon the Prophet who was characterized by the morals that mentioned in the Qur’an, upon his family, his Companions who taught the Qur’an and upon those who followed them righteously of the nation of the Qur’an.

The Glorious Qur’an is a book of guidance, rulings, behaviors, `Aqidah (faith), admonish, stories, recommendations, lessons, good news and warnings. Allah has sent it down to be the seal of the divine Scriptures, a reference to the people, and a constitution for them in their affairs as long as they live. Despite the greatness of the Qur’an, its majesty and its perfect rulings, people have turned away from it except for a few. The attacks against the Qur’an were powerful and well-schemed by the enemies of Islam in order to distort the Muslims’ source of power; which almost happened. We ask Allah to gather us under the banner of truth, make us superior through our religion and give us victory over the disbelievers in order that the Qur’an would be the reference of rulings and the source of knowledge from which all people extract knowledge everywhere. It is the miraculous speech of Allah which no one can innovate something of the like or even part of it. It came to us successively from narrators and reporters who could never tell a lie. It was written down in sheets as it was preserved in the memories of people. When the Qur’an was revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon him), Allah took the responsibility of preserving it; not as the previous Scriptures.

Allah (Glory be to Him) says:

إِنَّا نَحۡنُ نَزَّلۡنَا ٱلذِّكۡرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُ ۥ لَحَـٰفِظُونَ

Verily, We, it is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Qur’ân) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption). [Al Hijr: 9].

There are many sciences related to the Qur’an which scholars have studied and written many books about such as the reasons of revelation, the connections between the Ayahs, Tafsir, similarities, precise and allegorical Ayahs, Surahs that were revealed in Makkah and those of Madinah, weird words, rulings, recitations, Tajwid (art of Qur’anic recitation), grammar and parsing, calligraphy, record, virtues, proprieties of recitation, examples, stories, abrogating and abrogated texts; and miraculousness with all its types. The Qur’anic exegesis is covetable and advisable.

Allah (Glory be to Him) says:

كِتَـٰبٌ أَنزَلۡنَـٰهُ إِلَيۡكَ مُبَـٰرَكٌ۬ لِّيَدَّبَّرُوٓاْ ءَايَـٰتِهِۦ وَلِيَتَذَكَّرَ أُوْلُواْ ٱلۡأَلۡبَـٰبِ

(This is) a Book (the Qur’ân) which We have sent down to you, full of blessings, that they may ponder over its Verses, and that men of understanding may remember. [Sad: 29].

Allah (He may be Glorified) says:

أَفَلَا يَتَدَبَّرُونَ ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ‌ۚ

Do they not then consider the Qur’ân carefully? [Al Nisa’: 82].

We can not reflect on Ayahs (Qur’anic verses) but after understanding it. All these Ayahs can not be understood except after studying Tafsir. Allah vituperated the people of the Scriptures because they had concealed knowledge and did not explain it to the people.

Allah (Glory be to Him) says:

وَإِذۡ أَخَذَ ٱللَّهُ مِيثَـٰقَ ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ لَتُبَيِّنُنَّهُ ۥ لِلنَّاسِ وَلَا تَكۡتُمُونَهُ ۥ فَنَبَذُوهُ وَرَآءَ ظُهُورِهِمۡ وَٱشۡتَرَوۡاْ بِهِۦ ثَمَنً۬ا قَلِيلاً۬‌ۖ فَبِئۡسَ مَا يَشۡتَرُونَ

(And remember) when Allâh took a covenant from those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) to make it (the news of the coming of Prophet Muhammad SAW and the religious knowledge) known and clear to mankind, and not to hide it, but they threw it away behind their backs, and purchased with it some miserable gain! And indeed worst is that which they bought. [Al `Imran: 187]. Therefore, we should not be like them, otherwise, our destiny will be like theirs. Continue reading

The History Of The Qur’anic Text From Revelation To Compilation

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Muhammad Mustafa al-Azami
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 398 | Size: 10 MB

The History of the Qur’anic Text from Revelation to Compilation : A Comparative Study with the Old and New Testaments

The Qur’an reigns supreme in Muslim hearts as the most sacred of texts: a profusion of exalted ideas to rouse the mind, noble histories to stir the soul, universal truths to awaken the conscience and precise injunctions directing humanity to its own deliverance, all distilled into the melodious essence that is the Word of Allah. Through fourteen centuries Muslims have persevered in championing the text against corruption, memorising its every word and contemplating its every phrase, so that in our own times untold millions have enthusiastially committed each letter to heart.

Beginning with a catalogue of ancient and contemporary attacks on the Qur’an, this expansive book provides unique insights into the holy text’s immaculate preservation throughout its history, as well as exploring many of the accusations levelled against it. The reception of divine revelations, Prophet Muhammad’s role in teaching and disseminating these verses, the text’s compilation under his guidance and the setting of its final external shape shortly after his death, are meticulously and scientifically examinded alongside such topics as the origins of Arabic, its palaeography and orthography, the so-called Mushaf of Ibn Mas’ud, and the strict methodology employed in assembling textual fragments.

By way of comparison the author investigates the histories of the Old and New Testaments, relying entirely on Judaeo-Christian sources including the Dead Sea Scrolls and uncovers a startling range of alterations that touch almost every fact of the Biblical Scriptures. Using this as a springboard for assessing Western theories regarding the Qur’an, he makes a sophisticated yet passionate case for questioning the aims of Western scholarship in continuously undermining Islam’s holy book, and illustrates convincingly that such research, motivated by more than mere curiousity, has no scientific bearing on the Qur’an’s integrity.

This monumental effort, a scholarly work composed in an impassioned tone, provides a welcome foundation for sincere study at a time when assailing the Qur’an has become all too common. Continue reading

Islam In Brief By Mahmoud Ridha Murad

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Mahmoud Ridha Murad
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 32 | Size: 1 MB

This is a message for every free thinking and broadminded human being. It is for every seeker of the truth who might have, once wondered, what the religion of Islam is all about. Who Allah is, what is the ultimate goal of man’s existence, or what happens after death, for these questions and many others are prompted at certain occasions, but brushed aside by various factors.

Islam is indeed a misunderstood and misrepresented religion in the West. <<This misconception is hardly surprising>>, remarks the French Dr. Maurice Bucaille, in his book, The Bible, The Qur’an and Science. <<When we consider the way so many generations are the West was instructed in the religious problems facing humanity and the ignorance in which they were kept about anything related to Islam>>. Hence Islamic ideals remain obscure from the vast majority of non-Muslims.

This booklet does not claim to answer all the questions you would like to be answered. However, this booklet will open before you a new dimension of thinking, and will enable you to realize the importance of your role as a human being in the universe, to help you understanding the relationship between you and your Creator.

God Almighty Allah. It presents Islam to you in a nutshell, and provides straightforward answers to many questions about Islam and credibility.

In this booklet, you will also be able to know Allah, the last of His Scriptures, the last of His Prophets and Messengers, what Islam is the role of man in this life and other related issues.

Lest one may think that there is an English version of the Qur’an, I would like to draw the reader’s attention to the fact that Arabic is the only language of the Qur’an. Although the Qur’anic quotations and Prophetic traditions cited in this booklet are preceded with <<Allah says>>, only the meaning of such quotations are quoted. Continue reading

An Introduction To The Science Of Hadith

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Dr. Suhaib Hasan
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 42 | Size: 1 MB

The Muslims are agreed that the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (S) is the second of the two revealed fundamental sources of Islam, after the Glorious Qur’an. The authentic Sunnah is contained within the vast body of Hadith literature.

A hadith (pl. ahadith) is composed of two parts: the matn (text) and the isnad (chain of reporters). A text may seem to be logical and reasonable but it needs an authentic isnad with reliable reporters to be acceptable; ‘Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak (d. 181 AH), one of the illustrious teachers of Imam al-Bukhari, said:

“The isnad is part of the religion: had it not been for the isnad, whoever wished to would have said whatever he liked.”

During the lifetime of the Prophet (S) and after his death, his Companions (Sahabah) used to refer to him directly, when quoting his saying. The Successors (Tabi’un) followed suit; some of them used to quote the Prophet (S) through the Companions while others would omit the intermediate authority – such a hadith was .later known as mursal. It was found that the missing link between the Successor and the Prophet (S) might be one person, i.e. a Companion, or two people, the extra person being an older Successor who heard the hadith from the Companion. This is an example of how the need for the verification of each isnad arose. Imam Malik (d. 179) said, “The first one to utilize the isnad was Ibn Shihab al Zuhri” (d. 124). The other more important reason was the deliberate fabrication of ahadith by various sects which appeared amongst the Muslims, in order to support their views (see later, under discussion of maudu’ ahadith). Ibn Sirin (d. 110), a Successor, said, “They would not ask about the isnad: But when the fitnah (trouble, turmoil, esp. civil war) happened, they said: Name to us your men. So the narrations of the Ahl al¬Sunnah (Adherents to the Sunnah) would be accepted, while those of the Ahl al-Bid ‘ah (Adherents to Innovation) would not be accepted. ” Continue reading

[Usool At-Tafseer] The Methodology Of Qur’anic Interpretation

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Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 243 | Size: 4 MB

An Excellent Gift to Students of Islamic Sciences. Literally translated ‘The Fundamental Principles of Qur’aanic Interpretation,’ this book refers to the branches of knowledge which are necessary to provide an accurate interpretation of the Qur’anic texts, such as Arabic grammar and syntax, Arabic literature and Qur’anic sciences (‘uloom al-Qur’aan).

Addressed topics include the Tafseer of the Qur’an, books of tafseer, translations of the Qur’an, Wahy (‘divine revelation’), reasons for revelation, the differences between Makkan and Madinan revelations, Naskh, the Muhkam and Mutashaabih, and more.

This Book contained some significant material not found in other works in English such as Ahmad Von Denffer’s work, and the shared material is presented in a different way.

‘Shaykh Riaz Ansary, a graduate from the College of Sharee’ah, Islamic University of Madeenah, who has undertaken the arduous task of thoroughly revising and preparing the manuscript for publication. He not only edited my translations and verified the hadiths according to the standards of my other books, but he also added a glossary and an index of hadeeths. He also added a section on al-Qurtubi’s tafsir, books on Asbaab an-Nuzool and Naasikh wa Mansookh, a section on scientific miracles, a refutation of some of the claimed contradictions in the Qur’aan,’

Dr Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips was born in Jamaica, but grew up in Canada, where he accepted Islam in 1972. He completed a diploma in Arabic and a B.A. from the College of Islamic Disciplines (Usool ad-Deen) at the Islamic University of Madeenah in 1979. At the University of Riyadh, College of Education, he completed a M.A. in Islamic Theology in 1985, and in the department of Islamic Studies at the University of Wales, he completed a Ph.D. in Islamic Theology in 1994.

Abu Ameenah taught Islamic Education and Arabic in private schools in Riyadh for over ten years and for three years he lectured M.Ed. students in the Islamic Studies department of Shariff Kabunsuan Islamic University in Cotobato City, Mindanao, Philippines. Since 1994 he has founded and directed the Islamic Information Center in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (which is now known as Discover Islam) and the Foreign Literature Department of Dar al Fatah Islamic Press in Sharjah, UAE. Presently, he is a lecturer of Arabic and Islamic Studies at the American University in Dubai and Ajman University in Ajman, UAE. Continue reading

Noble Women Around The Messenger (PBUH)

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Ahmad Al-Jada
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 150 | Size: 3.5 MB

Many authors since the beginning the Islamic era have recorded and written about the important role established by the Companions of the Prophet, peace be upon him, during the early period of Islamic history. Also, many great men like the Companions, caliphs, and scholars that lived both during and after the Prophet’s life contributed to the establishment and spread of Islam through the efforts of Da’wah. However the role that women contributed at the beginning of Islamic history has often been overlooked or neglected and as a result recorded data has been disproportionately unavailable, even though Islamic history is full of stories and accounts of women and the significant role that they played in Islam. This book attempts to fill a gap by enlightening the reader a step further on the lives of these women as prodigies at the time of the Prophet. Their legacy is that of courage, integrity, and deep devotion to the message that the Blessed Prophet Muhammad brought to mankind. Their influence was to have a profound impact not only on their generation but subsequent generations.

The noble women around the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, did not confine themselves to the corners of their homes nor occupy themselves with trivial matters. They were like shinning stars in the galaxy of wonders of Islamic history. They possessed zeal and the will to sacrifice their lives and all that they were used to, such as family ties and familiar territories, purely for the sake of obeying Allah’s command. We can hardly find again such pioneering women throughout Islamic history with such exemplary attributes as these first female adherents who followed and associated with Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him.

Shouldn’t Muslim women feel proud of Khadijah, who was the first person to embrace Islam? What about the glory of Sumayah, who was the first martyr in Islam? What about Asma’, young as she was frequently journeyed to the cave of Thawr while the Messenger of Allah sought refuge there during his migration? Shouldn’t Muslim women proudly remember Umm Imarah, who stood steadfast in the Battle of Uhud when men fled in fear? What about the glory of ‘A’ishah, who was among those who narrated the largest number of Prophetic Hadiths? And at the Treaty of Hudaybiyah, it was the advice of a woman which culminated in the peace among Muslim. What about the pride for Muslim women in that? Continue reading

The Concept Of God In Islam

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Hasan Abdul Hakim
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 14 | Size: 1 MB

The Concept of God in Islam: There is no God but Allah (SWT). The first part of the Muslim confession of faith (the Shahada) is the basis for the concept of God in Islam. The Muslim bears witness that: “There is no god but God”. or “no divinity but the (one) Divinity”. The revealed Scripture of Islam, the Qur’an, is like a vast commentary on this simple statement, drawing from it all its implications for human life and thought.  This book higlights Islams conception of diety through a concise look at Qur’anic verses and our everyday surroundings. Overall this brief book provides a good introductory guide to a muslims primary belief in God. Continue reading

The Muslim Diary: A Daily Guide To Worship

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Al-Ansâriyah Publications
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 55 | Size: 1 MB

In these times of hastening and being busy, of ‘no time’ and ‘o, I forgot,’ we want to give ourselves a guide to help us in our worship through each day. The Muslim Diary contains a practical list on which you can mark the acts of worship and good deeds you did that day. The list is a selection of the most recommended acts of ‘ibadah [worship] in a schedule with all week days. All the deeds are being explained in an easy but powerful way through Qur’anic verses and Ahadith.   How to use The Muslim Diary. You can use the diary to strive to start practising all the mentioned points. There are many more things you can do, but The Muslim Diary is just a guide for a few very useful acts which carry great rewards. You can also use The Muslim Diary as a tool to improve yourself. What did I do last month? What can I do this month to make it better? Possible ‘shortcomings’ will be visible this way. The name ‘diary’ already says it and this is how you should treat it. Make sure it becomes something personal and show it to nobody else. All the acts being ticked or coloured are between you and Allah the Most High.   Abu Hafs ‘Umar bin al-Khattab [ra] said: “I heard the Messenger of Allah [saw] saying: Actions are only by intentions, and every man has only that which he intended. Whoever’s emigration is for Allah and His Messenger then his emigration is for Allah and His Messenger. Whoever’s emigration is for some worldly gain which he can acquire or a woman he will marry then his emigration is for that for which he emigrated.” [Bukhari, Muslim]   That is why we should keep trying to make our intentions pure and sincere. For any deed to be accepted by Allah, the Most High, must be done for Allah the Glorious, the Most High alone and it must be done the way Allah, the Exalted and His Prophet Muhammad [saw] legislated.   We ask Allah the Glorious, the Mighty, by His beautiful Names and sublime Attributes to accept this as being done sincerely for His Face alone. May those who read it and those who have had any role in distributing it or supported in publishing it, greatly benefit from it. Surely He, glory is to Him, is Capable of all things. Continue reading