Why Do We Study The Prophet’s Biography?

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Yahya Bin Ibrahim Al-Yahya
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 18 | Size: 9 MB

Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) is the practical image of Islam. There is no way that one can get to know Islam without knowing Allah’s Messenger (PBUH); his guidance, work, instructions and prohibitions.

Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) made peace and war, settled and traveled, sold and bought, took and gave. He never lived alone, neither did he travel alone.

Muslims had weakened only because they failed to follow his pattern and guidance for the Almighty Allah said: ﴾Indeed in the Messenger of Allah you have a good example to follow for him who hopes for (the Meeting with) Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah much﴿ (Al-Ahzab:21).

Some Muslims went to the extent that they only read his biography (PBUH) during celebrations and forums without following his guidance. Some others read it either for obtaining blessings or for getting familiar with its events; wars, days…..etc. This happens due to one of two reasons:

First: their ignorance of the principal of following his pattern & guidance (PBUH) and not knowing that this is a necessity for achieving his love.

Second: their failure in perceiving the positions of guidance in his biography due to a weakness in their sense of conclusion or due to their lack of knowledge and readings. Here lies the importance of deriving the lessons and benefits from his biography (PBUH).

The biography of the Prophet (PBUH) is not meant to be taught for the pleasure of reading nor for the knowledge of a certain historic period and not for the love of studying the biographies of the grand and heroes. Such kind of superficial study is performed by non-Muslims. A Muslim should have various aims from studying his biography, among which are;

First: Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) is the one to be followed for he is the example for all Muslims:

He is the legislator whom we are instructed to follow, for Allah says: ﴾Indeed in the Messenger of Allah you have a good example to follow for him who hopes for (the Meeting with) Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah much﴿ (Al-Ahzab:21); Allah (the Almighty) says ﴾If you obey him, you shall be on the right guidance﴿ (Al-Noor:54); Allah also says ﴾He who obeys the Messenger, has indeed obeyed Allah﴿ (Al-Nissa:80).

And Allah also says ﴾Say if you really love Allah then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive your sins﴿ (Al-Imran:31). He is the practical image and incarnation of Islam without whom we can not possibly know how to obey the Almighty Allah or worship Him.

From his biography the scholars derive the techniques of the Call and its phases. They also get to know the tremendous effort exerted by Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) for the sake of raising the word of Allah and how he reacted in facing the hardships and obstacles that faced him.

# From his biography, teachers can derive the methods & techniques of education.
# From his biography, rulers can derive systems and methodology of leadership.
# From his biography, the ascetics can derive the meaning and essence beyond being an ascetic.
# From his biography, traders can derive the aims, systems and methods of trading.
# From it, those who are suffering can learn the highest degrees of patience and persistence, thus their determination can grow stronger and their trust in Allah increases knowing that the result will be finally in their favor.
# From it, the scholars derive knowledge which enables them to better understand the Book of Allah (Al-Quran) and the various sciences of Islam, among which are the abrogating and abrogated verses, the reasons behind the revelation of verses and many other knowledge.
# From it, the whole nation derives the morals, manners and merits.

Ibn Katheer said « a special care and attention must be paid to such type of study (the biography of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH)) as it was narrated by Omar Al-Wakedi that Abdullah ibn Omar ibn Ali said that his father heard Ali ibn Al-Hussain saying: «we used to know the conquests of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) as we know the verses of the holy Quran».

Al-wakedi said, I heard Mohamed ibn Abdullah saying that he heard his uncle Al- Zuhri saying «in the science of conquests, lies both the science of life and that of the hereafter.»

Ismail ibn Mohammed ibn Saad ibn abi Wakkas said « my father used to teach us the conquests of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) and repeated them to us saying: «these are the glorious deeds of your fathers so waste them not».

History had witnessed many kings, leaders, poets and philosophers but none of them had left behind such a biography and such pattern to be followed as it is with the Prophet’s. History had wiped off all their credit and the only thing left is some of their names.

Biographies of many grand people had turned out to be mere jokes throughout history. Where is Namroud who said to Ibrahim (PBUH) ﴾I give life and cause death.﴿ (Al-Baqara:258). Where is Pharaoh who said: ﴾I am your lord, most high.﴿ (Al-nazia’at:24), and what was his destiny» he who also said: ﴾I know not that you have an ilâh (a god) other than me.﴿ (AL-Qassas:38).

Those grand people of their ages are now being mocked by everyone; the young and the old, the knowledgeable and the ignorant, for if they had succeeded in deceiving their people at their time, their deception has been revealed and they became a mockery throughout time.

The biography of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) had provided the means for getting the people out of the darkness of polytheism and the corruption of worship to the light of monotheism and faith in Allah (the Almighty) who said: ﴾O Prophet ! Verily, We have sent you as witness, and a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner And as one who invites to Allah by His Leave, and as a lamp spreading light.﴿ (Al-Ahzab:45-46). Continue reading

Fiqh Az-Zakat A Comparative Study (Volume II) By Yusuf Al-Qaradawi

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Dr. Yusuf al-Qardawi
Language: English | Format: PDF | Volume: II | Pages: 347 | Size: 2 MB

Among the most important books Dr. Yusuf al-Qardawi has written is the present volume on fiqh az-Zakat. It is a study which deals in depth with legal rulings and philosophy of zakat in the light of the Qur’an and Sunnah.

Among the five pillars of Islam, Zakat is the third after Tawhid and prayer. It is crucial to the financial and political structure of every Muslim community. Yet, despite its pivotal significance, it is the least understood of the basic practices of Islam and indeed now plays little or no part in the lives of the vast majority of Muslims. That fact makes this book a very important addition to the literature available to English-speaking Muslims.

It covers every aspect of zakat in great detail, studying those who are obliged to pay zakat, the amounts they have to pay, as well as the types of wealth on which zakat must be paid. It also deals with how zakat is collected, its connection to Muslim governance and its relation to society as a whole. Fiqh az-Zakat is a seminal work for all Muslims and an important reference book for everyone interested in Islam. Continue reading

Fiqh Az-Zakat A Comparative Study (Volume I) By Yusuf Al-Qaradawi

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Dr. Yusuf al-Qardawi
Language: English | Format: PDF | Volume: I | Pages: 311 | Size: 2 MB

Among the most important books Dr. Yusuf al-Qardawi has written is the present volume on fiqh az-Zakat. It is a study which deals in depth with legal rulings and philosophy of zakat in the light of the Qur’an and Sunnah.

Among the five pillars of Islam, Zakat is the third after Tawhid and prayer. It is crucial to the financial and political structure of every Muslim community. Yet, despite its pivotal significance, it is the least understood of the basic practices of Islam and indeed now plays little or no part in the lives of the vast majority of Muslims. That fact makes this book a very important addition to the literature available to English-speaking Muslims.

It covers every aspect of zakat in great detail, studying those who are obliged to pay zakat, the amounts they have to pay, as well as the types of wealth on which zakat must be paid. It also deals with how zakat is collected, its connection to Muslim governance and its relation to society as a whole. Fiqh az-Zakat is a seminal work for all Muslims and an important reference book for everyone interested in Islam. Continue reading

An Explanation Of Riyadh Al-Saliheen From The Words Of The Master Of The Messengers

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Imam Nawawi; Shaykh Muhammad ibn Salih al-Uthaymeen
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 307 | Size: 12.5 MB

A comprehensive explanation and commentary of the first 24 hadith of Imam al-Nawawi’s classic compilation, Riyadh al-Saliheen.

Verily all Praise is for Allah, we praise Him, we seek His assistance, and we appeal for His forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil of our souls, and from the evil of our actions. Whosoever Allah guides, there is none to lead him astray, and whosoever Allah leads astray, there is none to guide him.

I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of being worshipped except Allah alone, without [any form] of associate. I testify that Muhammad is His Slave and Messenger, Seal of the Prophets, and Master of the Messengers. He is His proof upon His entire creation.

Allah the Most High sent him with the True Religion and the Straight Path. He fashioned his Vocation, universal and absolute until the Day of Judgement. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him and his family.

Verily Allah the Exalted, the Most High, sent His Messenger Muhammad (PBUH) with the Guidance, and revealed upon him al-Qur’an. A complete constitution for this eternal Ummah, until Allah inherits the earth and that which is upon it.

He bestowed upon him the interpretation of al-Qur’an and something comparable to it, with it.

For the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) is composed of statement and action, it is derived from the Book of Allah, and is indicative of its meaning.

The Companions of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) promptly seized the Noble Book and the Purified Sunnah, safeguarding, studying and recording [the two sources of revelation].

Allah obligated Himself the task of protecting and preserving His Honoured Book. He appointed for the Prophetic tradition, those who would protect and devote their attention to it, from the time of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) to our time now, and until Allah inherits the earth and that which is upon it.

By the providence/ of Allah, the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) has occupied the platform of patronage and concern by the Scholars in every age and land. Hence, they have completed the preservation, recording and codification [of the Sunnah] [by means of] the works of Musnad, the authentic compilations, the works of Sunan, and the Hadeeth based lexicons. From amongst those who have participated in this noble service of the Sunnah and it’s codification is Imam Abu Zakariyyah Yahya ibn SharafAl-Nawawee Al-Dimashqee [631-676 H]. He is reckoned to be amongst the exemplary and distinguished personalities of the seventh century. He authored numerous books of great benefit in miscellaneous subjects, ubiquitously accredited with praise and eulogy for their immense value.

Accordingly, the Scholars devoted themselves to their study, deriving benefit, and transmitting from them by virtue of their utility. Amongst the most ubiquitous in presence and apparent in circulation, between the Scholars’ and the general populace, is the book [entitled] Riyadh al- Saliheen. Continue reading

Towards Understanding The Qur’an – Abridged Version Of Tafhim Al-Qur’an

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Sayyid Abul A’la Mawdoodi
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 1116 | Size: 48 MB

Towards Understanding the Qur’an Abridged version is a fresh English rendering of Tafhim al-Qur’an, Sayyid Mawdudi’s monumental and masterly Urdu translation of the Qur’an and a selection of his commentary. Here is a work with a difference, by a scholar of an entirely different sort. An immense wealth of profound understanding of the Qur’an is here, a vast treasure of knowledge and deep insight, and a valuable exposition of some social, political, economic and legal teachings of the Qur’an.

This Tafsir answers contemporary questions, and makes the Qur’an fully relevant to the concerns of our day, yet it loses nothing of its timelessness nor sacrifices any of the traditional understanding. It demonstrates the unity and coherence of the Qur’an by centering everything in it on its message, like gems hung on a single string. g.

Tafhim al-qur’an. Written in Urdu, and first completed in 1973. It is of great importance for contemporary Muslim thinking, particularly in the Indian subcontinent (Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Ceylon), but has also, by means of tranlation, reached a much wider audience.

Addressed primarily to a non-Arabic speaking audience this tafsir places great emphasis on the thorough explanation of basic Qur’anic concepts, such as ilah} rabb, ibada and din, and the Qur’an as a ‘book of guidance’, not least containing guidance for a movement of Islamic re- construction and the Islamic way of life. Numerous notes add to the usefulness of this aid to understanding the Qur’an.

This Tafsir is particularly suitable for the young educated Muslim with no direct access to the Arabic original

‘Sayyid Abul A’la Al-Mawdudui (Maududi) (1903-1979), one of the chief architects of contemporary Islamic resurgence, was the an outstanding Islamic thinker and writer of his time. He devoted his life to expound the meaning and message of Islam and to organise a collective movement to establish the Islamic Order. In this struggle, he had to pass through all kinds of sufferings.

Between 1948-67, he spent a total of five years in different prisons of Pakistan. In 1953, he was also sentenced to death by a Martial Law court for writing a ‘seditious’ pamphlet, this sentence being later commuted to life imprisonment. In 1941, he founded Jama’at-I Islami, of which he remained Amir, until 1972 and which is one of the most prominent Islamic movements of our day. He authored more than one hundred works on Islam, both scholarly and popular, and his writings have been translated into forty languages.” Continue reading

Al-Fatihah – An In-Depth Study

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Shaykh Jamaaluddin Zarabozo

Muslims have been commanded by Allah to recite Soorah Al-Fatihah a minimum of seventeen times a day. This fact, in itself, should alert the Muslim to the extreme importance of this concise but deep soorah. Indeed, the Prophet (peace and blessing of Allah be upon him) referred to it as Umm al-Qur’an or “the foundation of the Quran itself.” Its teachings aptly touch upon and summarize the entire spectrum of Islamic teachings. As a Muslim grows in his understanding of Soorah al-fatihah, the quality of his daily prayers can be greatly affected and improved. When the quality of his daily prayers are improved, in reality, his entire being can be transformed into a true and blessed servant of Allah, one who fulfills the pact he is making with Allah when he says, “You alone do we worship.”

In preparing this series of lectures, Br. Jamaal Zarabozo has benefited from the vast resources detailing the implications of this beautiful soorah. What the scholars have said about this soorah and what this speaker has captured is not only uplifting but it is a guide for the Muslim’s life. There is no prayer without Soorah al-Fatihah and, thus, there should be no Muslim living without the guidance and teachings of this soorah. With this introduction, you are invited to listen and encounter the in-depth meaning of Soorah al-Fatihah. Continue reading

[Fiqh-Us-Seerah] Understanding The Life Of The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

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Shaykh Muhammad al-Ghazali
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 514 | Size: 35 MB

Understanding the Life of the Prophet Muhammad ( sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam), Shaykh Muhammad al-Ghazali (A Recent Egyptian Scholar), Hardback 514 Pages, International Islamic Federation of Students Organisation IIFSO , Distributed By International Islamic Publishing House IIPH.

Many books have been written about the life of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW). In writing this book, the author had a specific objective. He used the life of the Prophet (SAW) to go onto depth about the Prophet (SAW) many historians only touched on the various aspects of his life. This book goes into detail and provides reasons and explanations for whatever took place. It is a blend of modern analysis and ancient detail. Its objective is to nurture faith, purify characters and fan the struggle to embrace the truth and be faithful to it.

Indeed, the life of the Prophet (SAW) has been documented as a message for practical implementation, not intellectual entertainment.

‘You may think that you have studied the life of Muhammad by following his history from birth to death but this is a grave mistake. You will never really understand the Sirah unless you study the noble Qur’an and the purified Sunnah. The amount that you derive from these will tell the strength of your connection with the prophet of Islam, sallallahu `alaihi wa sallam’ From the Epilogue.

An important work of the Egyptian scholar Sheikh Muhammad al-Ghazali. Drawing upon his profound classical Islamic learning and an extensive knowledge of modern science, Sheikh al-Ghazali has broken new ground in the study of Seerah, bringing to bear a fresh but wholly authentic approach. This is a work which all serious students should have, to complement the Seerah of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW).

Sheikh Muhammad al-Ghazali was one of the most influential Islamic scholars of the twentieth century, both as an author and in the field of Da’wa. Born at Buhayra, Egypt in 1335/1917, he received his schooling at the Alexandria Religious Institute before entering the Faculty of Usul al-Din at the University of al-Azhar.

In 1362/1943, al-Ghazali was appointed Imam and lecturer at al-Makataba al-Khadra in Cairo. He later became a prominent member of the Muslim Brotherhood and a close associate of Sheikh Hasan Al-Banna. During the early 1950s he worked for the Islamic Movement in various capacities. Subsequently his work for Islam extended over many parts of Africa, Asia. Europe and America as well as the Arab countries.

Between 1391/1971 and 1410/1989, Sheikh al-Ghazali rose through the ranks of the Egyptian Ministry of Awqaf, to become Undersecretary for Islamic Da’wa, His academic career included spells of teaching at the universities of Umm al-Qura (Makka) and Qatar: and he served as a Chairman of the Academic Council first of al-Amir ‘Abd al-Qadir University, at Constantine, Algeria, and later of the international institute of Islamic Thought at Cairo

Sheikh Muhammad al-Ghazali published over sixty books, several of which have been published in translation. Probably the most important is ‘Journey through the Qur’an’ (al-Tafsir al-mawdu’ li-suwar al-Quran al Karim). He received many awards in recognition of his contribution to learning and Da’wa. He died in 1416/1996 while attending a conference in Saudi Arabia. Rahimahu ‘Llah. Continue reading

The Virtues Of Jihad

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Muhammad Masood Azhar
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 156 | Size: 2 MB

A simple yet comprehensive study regarding the history and rewards of performing Jihad. The hearts of the Kafirs are burning with hate and animosity for Islam but they frightened and scared stiff of the same people whom they have labeled as “the fundamentalists” and “the extremists” These Kafirs are not scared of the Muslims leaders, because they know well that these so-called leaders could bought over a goblet of alcohol. They are not afraid of the Armed Forces of any Muslim country, because they know that these forces are constrained by their Heads of States. The Kafirs only fear the blasts of those bombs which detonated in the Israeli army’s installations and barracks; they are scared of those mines which blast the Indian army’s vehicles. They are frightened of the restriction enforced upon Amarnahh Yatra, (a Hindu religious procession) which shook the whole of India. They fear a blind holy man like Umar Abdul-Rahmad (a distinguished ‘Aalim, presently in a US jail on trumped charges) who dared to speak about the greatness of Islam. They are afraid of those Muslim youth of Europe who openly stroll the streets of London and Paris wearing military clothing and are eager and anxious to participate in the defense of Bosnia. They are scared of shamil Basayev (leader of the Mujahedeen, who successfully carried out the Jihad inside Russia) who with handful of Mujahedeen had forced the whole Russia to their knees. Their hearts are filled with awe of general Dudayev (leader of the Mujahedeen in Chechnya, recently assassinated by the Kafir Russians) who reminds them of Imam Shaamil (the great leader of Muslims of Russia who raised the flag of the Jihad against the then Tsarist Russian Empire). Their minds are disturbed with the thought of those unknown Mujahedeen who forced the Americans to pack their bags from Somalia. They are frightened of those Muslim daughters who somehow transport weapons to the Mujahedeen in Kashmir, Palestine, Bosnia. All Kafirs fear the word of Jihad. It is our duty and responsibility to revive the forgotten obligation of Jihad. Continue reading

Introduction To The Study Of The Qur’an

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M. Mawdudi
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 13 | Size: 1 MB

We are accustomed to reading books which present information, ideas and arguments systematically and coherently. So, when we embark on the study of the Qur’an, we expect that this book too will revolve around a definite subject, that the subject matter of the book will be clearly defined at the beginning and will then be neatly divided into sections and chapters, after which discussion will proceed in a logical sequence. We likewise expect a separate and systematic arrangement of c and guidance for each of the various aspects of human life.

However, as soon as we open the Qur’an we encounter a hitherto completely unfamiliar genre of literature. We notice that it embodies precepts of belief and conduct, moral directives, legal prescriptions, exhortation and admonition, censure and condemnation of evildoers, warnings to deniers of the Truth, good tidings and words of consolation and good cheer to those who have suffered for the sake of God, arguments and corroborative evidence in support of its basic message, allusions to anecdotes from the past and to signs of God visible in the universe. Moreover, these myriad subjects alternate without any apparent system; quite unlike the books to which we are accustomed, the Qur’an deals with the same subject over and over again, each time couched in a different phraseology… Continue reading

[Usool Al Hadeeth] The Methodology Of Hadith Evaluation

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Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 167 | Size: 3.5 MB

The science of hadeeth terminology and assessment is a particularly difficult field of study. Dr. Bilal Philips has managed in this text to simplify this topic and to make it quite relevant to our times by addressing some of the most challenging questions raised by those who question the validity of hadeeth literature in general.

Although this book was designed as a teaching text for the Bachelors in Islamic Studies (BAIS) programs which Dr Bilal set up in UAE and Qatar, it is suitable for the layman as well as for the students of Islamic Studies at the high school level. There are only few works available in English on this very technical subject and this is definitely one which must be read. Continue reading