The History Of The Qur’anic Text From Revelation To Compilation

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Muhammad Mustafa al-Azami
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 398 | Size: 10 MB

The History of the Qur’anic Text from Revelation to Compilation : A Comparative Study with the Old and New Testaments

The Qur’an reigns supreme in Muslim hearts as the most sacred of texts: a profusion of exalted ideas to rouse the mind, noble histories to stir the soul, universal truths to awaken the conscience and precise injunctions directing humanity to its own deliverance, all distilled into the melodious essence that is the Word of Allah. Through fourteen centuries Muslims have persevered in championing the text against corruption, memorising its every word and contemplating its every phrase, so that in our own times untold millions have enthusiastially committed each letter to heart.

Beginning with a catalogue of ancient and contemporary attacks on the Qur’an, this expansive book provides unique insights into the holy text’s immaculate preservation throughout its history, as well as exploring many of the accusations levelled against it. The reception of divine revelations, Prophet Muhammad’s role in teaching and disseminating these verses, the text’s compilation under his guidance and the setting of its final external shape shortly after his death, are meticulously and scientifically examinded alongside such topics as the origins of Arabic, its palaeography and orthography, the so-called Mushaf of Ibn Mas’ud, and the strict methodology employed in assembling textual fragments.

By way of comparison the author investigates the histories of the Old and New Testaments, relying entirely on Judaeo-Christian sources including the Dead Sea Scrolls and uncovers a startling range of alterations that touch almost every fact of the Biblical Scriptures. Using this as a springboard for assessing Western theories regarding the Qur’an, he makes a sophisticated yet passionate case for questioning the aims of Western scholarship in continuously undermining Islam’s holy book, and illustrates convincingly that such research, motivated by more than mere curiousity, has no scientific bearing on the Qur’an’s integrity.

This monumental effort, a scholarly work composed in an impassioned tone, provides a welcome foundation for sincere study at a time when assailing the Qur’an has become all too common. Continue reading

Islamic Studies (Book1)

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Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 252 | Size: 3.5 MB

A valuable and inspiring text for teenagers and/or new Muslims, Islamic Studies Book I, offers an preliminary study of the main topics needed to build a solid foundation of Islamic knowledge. Including an introduction to Tawheed (Islamic monotheism), as well as the sciences of tafseer (explanation of the Qur’an), hadeeth (teachings of the Prophet, peace be upon him) and fiqh (Islamic Law), the author explains the most essential information in a simple and logical manner, while giving real-life examples to engage the reader.

Topping off each Unit with thought-provoking comprehension questions that force the reader to reflect upon and rethink what he has learned make this series of books the most essential, practical resource for the new student of Islam.

Hediyah AI-Amin, Columnist, The Peninsula, Doha, Qatar

“An excellently written series of educationally sound texts by which to systematically learn the foundations of Islam. They are specifically designed for new Muslims and educational institutions.”

– Amjad Khan, Production Editor, The Weekly’ Gulf Times, Doha, Qatar About the Author: DR. ABU AMEENAH BILAL PHILlPS was born in Jamaica, West Indies, and grew up in Canada, where he accepted Islam in 1972. He completed a BA from the College of Islamic Disciplines (Usool ad-Deen) at the Islamic University of Madeenah in 1979 and a M.A. in Islamic Theology in 1985 at the University of Riyadh, College of Education. In 1994 he completed a Ph.D. in Islamic Theology in the department of Islamic Studies at the University of Wales.

From 1994 to 2001, Dr. Bilal founded and directed the Islamic Information Center in Dubai, United Arab Emirates and the Foreign Literature Department of Dar al Fatah Islamic Press in Sharjah, UAE. In the year 2001, Dr. Bilal established the Islamic Online University, the first accredited Islamic university on the Internet. He was a professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies at the American University in Dubai and Ajman University, head of the Department of Arabic and Islamic Studies at Preston University-Ajman, UAE, and a lecturer at Qatar Guest Center, Doha, Qatar. More information may be found about him and his activities at http://www.bilalphilips.com. Continue reading

Mukhtasar Al-Quduri

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Imam al-Quduri
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 182 | Size: 1 MB

Brief Biography of Imam al-Quduri. He is Abu’l-Hasan Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Ja`far ibn Hamdan al-Quduri al-Baghdadi, the Hanafi jurist, born 362 AH.  Al-Quduri is an ascription to the selling of pots (qudur). Abu’l-Hasan al-Quduri took his knowledge of fiqh from Abu `Abdillah Muhammad ibn al-Jurjani, from Abu Bakr al-Razi, from Abu’l-Hasan al-Karkhi, from Abu Sa`id al-Barda`i from `Ali al-Daqqaq, from Abu Sahl Musa ibn Nasr al-Razi, from Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Shaybani, from Abu Hanifah, from Hammad ibn Abi Sulayman, from Ibrahim al-Nakha`i, from `Alqamah, from `Abdullah ibn Mas`ud (may Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (may Allah bless him and his Household and grant them all peace). Al-Quduri was one of the ashab al-tarjih (jurists who weighed and analyzed the strengths of differing verdicts in the madhhab).  The leadership of the Hanafis in `Iraq came to rest with him, and his renown rose.  His mention recurs in the well-known Hanafi books al-Hidayah and al-Khulasah.  He died on 15th Rajab 428 AH in Baghdad, and was buried in his home, but was later transported and buried beside Abu Bakr al-Khawarizmi, another Hanafi jurist.

He authored: al-Mukhtasar, the fiqh summary bearing his name. Sharh Mukhtasar al-Karkhi, al-Tajrid, in seven volumes, encompassing the disagreed issues between the Hanafis and Shafi`is. al-Taqrib, also in issues of disagreement, a summary which he compiled for his son, and other works.

Perhaps al-Quduri’s most famous work, Al-Mukhtasar is also known as al-Kitab.  The number of issues it addresses is 12,500, spanning the entire spectrum of fiqh, for the book covers not only matters of worship, but also business transactions, personal relations and penal and judicial matters.  Abu `Ali al-Shashi said about the book, “Whoever memorizes this book is the best accomplished of our associates in memorization, and whoever understands it is the best accomplished of our associates in understanding.” As is common with fiqh summary texts (mutun, singular : matn), the book generally does not make a point of providing evidences and derivations of the regulations.  The bases and reasonings behind the verdicts presented can be pursued in more advanced books of the madhhab, and also require some knowledge of usul al-fiqh. The traditional method of learning is for young people to first study (and often memorize) a basic matn, then later go back and study each issue in more detail, and/or along with the evidences. It is related that when al-Quduri wrote this book, he carried it with him to the Ka`bah, and hung it from its curtains.  He asked Allah the Exalted to bless him in it, and this prayer was apparently fulfilled. The book is recognized and respected as a reliable book of the school, and has had various commentaries written on it.  Along with Muhammad ibn al-Hasan’s Al-Jami` al-Saghir, it formed the nucleus of al-Marghinani’s widely-renowned Al-Hidayah – which itself was commentated on by numerous scholars, among the more famous of them Hafiz Badr al-Din al-`Ayni (the author of the commentary on al-Bukhari `Umdat al-Qari) in… Continue reading