Why Do We Study The Prophet’s Biography?

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Yahya Bin Ibrahim Al-Yahya
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 18 | Size: 9 MB

Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) is the practical image of Islam. There is no way that one can get to know Islam without knowing Allah’s Messenger (PBUH); his guidance, work, instructions and prohibitions.

Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) made peace and war, settled and traveled, sold and bought, took and gave. He never lived alone, neither did he travel alone.

Muslims had weakened only because they failed to follow his pattern and guidance for the Almighty Allah said: ﴾Indeed in the Messenger of Allah you have a good example to follow for him who hopes for (the Meeting with) Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah much﴿ (Al-Ahzab:21).

Some Muslims went to the extent that they only read his biography (PBUH) during celebrations and forums without following his guidance. Some others read it either for obtaining blessings or for getting familiar with its events; wars, days…..etc. This happens due to one of two reasons:

First: their ignorance of the principal of following his pattern & guidance (PBUH) and not knowing that this is a necessity for achieving his love.

Second: their failure in perceiving the positions of guidance in his biography due to a weakness in their sense of conclusion or due to their lack of knowledge and readings. Here lies the importance of deriving the lessons and benefits from his biography (PBUH).

The biography of the Prophet (PBUH) is not meant to be taught for the pleasure of reading nor for the knowledge of a certain historic period and not for the love of studying the biographies of the grand and heroes. Such kind of superficial study is performed by non-Muslims. A Muslim should have various aims from studying his biography, among which are;

First: Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) is the one to be followed for he is the example for all Muslims:

He is the legislator whom we are instructed to follow, for Allah says: ﴾Indeed in the Messenger of Allah you have a good example to follow for him who hopes for (the Meeting with) Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah much﴿ (Al-Ahzab:21); Allah (the Almighty) says ﴾If you obey him, you shall be on the right guidance﴿ (Al-Noor:54); Allah also says ﴾He who obeys the Messenger, has indeed obeyed Allah﴿ (Al-Nissa:80).

And Allah also says ﴾Say if you really love Allah then follow me, Allah will love you and forgive your sins﴿ (Al-Imran:31). He is the practical image and incarnation of Islam without whom we can not possibly know how to obey the Almighty Allah or worship Him.

From his biography the scholars derive the techniques of the Call and its phases. They also get to know the tremendous effort exerted by Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) for the sake of raising the word of Allah and how he reacted in facing the hardships and obstacles that faced him.

# From his biography, teachers can derive the methods & techniques of education.
# From his biography, rulers can derive systems and methodology of leadership.
# From his biography, the ascetics can derive the meaning and essence beyond being an ascetic.
# From his biography, traders can derive the aims, systems and methods of trading.
# From it, those who are suffering can learn the highest degrees of patience and persistence, thus their determination can grow stronger and their trust in Allah increases knowing that the result will be finally in their favor.
# From it, the scholars derive knowledge which enables them to better understand the Book of Allah (Al-Quran) and the various sciences of Islam, among which are the abrogating and abrogated verses, the reasons behind the revelation of verses and many other knowledge.
# From it, the whole nation derives the morals, manners and merits.

Ibn Katheer said « a special care and attention must be paid to such type of study (the biography of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH)) as it was narrated by Omar Al-Wakedi that Abdullah ibn Omar ibn Ali said that his father heard Ali ibn Al-Hussain saying: «we used to know the conquests of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) as we know the verses of the holy Quran».

Al-wakedi said, I heard Mohamed ibn Abdullah saying that he heard his uncle Al- Zuhri saying «in the science of conquests, lies both the science of life and that of the hereafter.»

Ismail ibn Mohammed ibn Saad ibn abi Wakkas said « my father used to teach us the conquests of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) and repeated them to us saying: «these are the glorious deeds of your fathers so waste them not».

History had witnessed many kings, leaders, poets and philosophers but none of them had left behind such a biography and such pattern to be followed as it is with the Prophet’s. History had wiped off all their credit and the only thing left is some of their names.

Biographies of many grand people had turned out to be mere jokes throughout history. Where is Namroud who said to Ibrahim (PBUH) ﴾I give life and cause death.﴿ (Al-Baqara:258). Where is Pharaoh who said: ﴾I am your lord, most high.﴿ (Al-nazia’at:24), and what was his destiny» he who also said: ﴾I know not that you have an ilâh (a god) other than me.﴿ (AL-Qassas:38).

Those grand people of their ages are now being mocked by everyone; the young and the old, the knowledgeable and the ignorant, for if they had succeeded in deceiving their people at their time, their deception has been revealed and they became a mockery throughout time.

The biography of Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) had provided the means for getting the people out of the darkness of polytheism and the corruption of worship to the light of monotheism and faith in Allah (the Almighty) who said: ﴾O Prophet ! Verily, We have sent you as witness, and a bearer of glad tidings, and a warner And as one who invites to Allah by His Leave, and as a lamp spreading light.﴿ (Al-Ahzab:45-46). Continue reading

What We Must Believe Of The Companions

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Al-Alamatayn House
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 10 | Size: 2 MB

Our creed concerning the Companions – May Allah be pleased with them – of the Messenger of Allah, Allah’s prayers and Peace be upon him.

Firstly

Their Love is obligatory upon us

One of the particularities of the belief of Ahlu A-Sunnah Wal Jamma’ah, the obligation of loving the Companions, honoring, respecting, and following their steps and their lead. Allah Almighty said {And [there is a share for] those who came after them, saying, «Our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in faith and put not in our hearts [any] resentment toward those who have believed. Our Lord, indeed You are Kind and Merciful.»} [Al-Hashr 59:10]

وَٱلَّذِينَ جَآءُو مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِمۡ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَا ٱغۡفِرۡ لَنَا وَلِإِخۡوَٲنِنَا ٱلَّذِينَ سَبَقُونَا بِٱلۡإِيمَـٰنِ وَلَا تَجۡعَلۡ فِى قُلُوبِنَا غِلاًّ۬ لِّلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ رَبَّنَآ إِنَّكَ رَءُوفٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ

Transliteration: Waallatheena jaoo min baAAdihim yaqooloona rabbana ighfir lana waliikhwanina allatheena sabaqoona bialeemani wala tajAAal fee quloobina ghillan lillatheena amanoo rabbana innaka raoofun raheemun The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s Prayer and Peace be upon him, said: “A sign of faith in a person is the love to Al-Ansar, and a sign of hypocrisy is hating them.” [Reported by Al-Bukhari]

آية‏‏ الإيمان حـب ‏الأنصـار ‏وآيـة ‏النفاق بغـض ‏الأنصـار

The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s Prayer and Peace be upon him, said concerning Al-Ansar: “Only a believer loves them and hypocrite who hates them, who loves them will be loved by Allah, and who hates them is hated by Allah.” [Reported by Muslim]

لا يُحِبُّهم إلاَّ مؤمن ، ولا يبغضهم إلاَّ مُنافق ، مَن أحبهم أحبه الله ، ومن أبغضهم أبغضه الله

The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s Prayer and Peace be upon him, said: “A man who believes in Allah and the hereafter never hates Al-Ansar.” [Reported by Muslim]

لا يبغض الأنصار رجل يؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر

The Messenger of Allah, Allah’s Prayer and peace be upon him, said: “Whoever Loves Al-Ansar, is loved by Allah and whoever Hates Al-Ansar is hated by Allah.” [Reported by Ibn-Majah]

من أحب الأنصار أحبه الله ومن أبغض الأنصار أبغضه الله

Muslim Reported by His authentic transmission that ‘Ali May Allah be pleased by him said: “By Allah whom made an embryo emerge from a grain and created the human soul, it’s the covenant of the Illiterate Prophet, Allah’s Prayers and Peace be upon him, to me that No one loves me except he is a believer and no one hates except he is a hypocrite.”

والذي فلق الحبه وبرأ النسمه إنه لعهد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم إلى أن لا يحبني إلا مؤمن ولا يبغضني إلا منافق

Al-Bukhari and Muslim reported in their authentic books that Amr Ibn Al-‘As May Allah be pleased with him asked the Prophet, Allah’s Prayers and Peace be upon him, “Whom is most beloved to you O Messenger of Allah?” Continue reading

How Do We Believe In The Last Day?

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Shaikh Muhammad ibn Saleh al-Uthaimeen
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 33 | Size: 1 MB

This booklet is part of the Arabic book ‘Sharh Hadeeth Jibra’eel’ by Shaikh Muhammad ibn Saleh al-Uthaimeen

“Faith in the Last Day is to believe that mankind will be resurrected and recompensed for their deeds.

It is to believe in everything that has come to us in the Book and the Sunnah concerning the description of that Day.

Allah has vividly described that Day such as the following verse:

يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلنَّاسُ ٱتَّقُواْ رَبَّڪُمۡ‌ۚ إِنَّ زَلۡزَلَةَ ٱلسَّاعَةِ شَىۡءٌ عَظِيمٌ۬ – يَوۡمَ تَرَوۡنَهَا تَذۡهَلُ ڪُلُّ مُرۡضِعَةٍ عَمَّآ أَرۡضَعَتۡ وَتَضَعُ ڪُلُّ ذَاتِ حَمۡلٍ حَمۡلَهَا وَتَرَى ٱلنَّاسَ سُكَـٰرَىٰ وَمَا هُم بِسُكَـٰرَىٰ وَلَـٰكِنَّ عَذَابَ ٱللَّهِ شَدِيدٌ۬

“O mankind! Fear your Lord and be dutiful to Him! Verily, the earthquake of the Hour (of Judgment) is a terrible thing. The Day you shall see it, every nursing mother will forget her nursling and every pregnant one will drop her load, and you shall see mankind as in a drunken state. Yet they will not be drunk but severe will be the Torment of Allah.”  [Soorah al-Hajj (22): 1-2]

There are numerous descriptions of the Last Day in the Quran and the Sunnah that testify to the horror and terrible nature of this Day.

Faith in the Last Day is not limited to believing in the Day that will be established after resurrection, as Shaikhul-Islam ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) writes in Aqeedah al-Wastiyyah, “Faith in the Last Day includes believing in everything that the Messenger has informed us about that will happen after death.”

The first stage after death is the fitnah of the grave. The people will face trial or will be tested in their graves regardless of whether one is buried in the ground or is thrown in the sea or is eaten by a lion or (his ashes are) dispersed in the wind. He will face this fitnah and he will be asked about three matters;

a) Who is your Lord?
b) What is your Religion?
c) Who is your Prophet?

A believer will reply, ‘My Lord is Allah, my religion is Islam and my Prophet is Muhammad .’ Then a caller will call from the heavens thatmyslave has spoken the truth. His gravewill then bewidened for him as far as his eyes can see. It will be furnished with furnishings from Paradise. A door will be opened into Paradise through which will come its fragrance and blessings. This condition is without doubt more complete than his condition in the world.

A disbeliever or hypocrite will say upon being asked about his Lord, Religion and Prophet, ‘Oh, Oh, I don’t know. I heard the people say something and I said it.’

Reflect upon what, ‘Oh, Oh,’ means. It indicates that the slave recollects something, tries to recall it but is unable to remember.

One’s inability to recall is more distressing than being completely unaware. If you are asked about something and you are unaware of it, you will say, ‘I don’t know.’ This is without doubt deficiency but it does not cause grief – but if you are asked about something and you knew it but you are incapable of recalling it – this causes grief. So the disbeliever will say, ‘Oh, Oh.’ – as if he remembers something – “I don’t know. I heard the people say something and I said it.”

The disbeliever will then be hit with a large iron hammer whereupon he will let out a scream the sound of which will be heard by everything except the jinn and mankind – because if they were to hear it, they would be struck dumb. It is narrated that if all the people of a city like Mina were to gather together to carry this hammer, they would not be able to.

It is obligatory to believe in the Fitnah of the grave because believing in it is part of faith in the Last Day. Continue reading

We Believe In All The Prophets And The Messengers

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Shaikh Saleh ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 97 | Size: 2 MB

Proofs of Prophet-hood:

– The Truthful Prophet is distinguished from a false claimant in many ways

– Differentiating between Miracles and unusual acts of the sorcerers

Infallibility of the Prophets:

– Refuting those who say that the Prophets are liable to approve sins

– Refuting those who say that the Prophets are infallible from committing any form of sins

Al-isra wal-Me’raaj:

– Description of al-Isra wal-Me’raaj from the texts

– Did the Prophet travel (al-isra) with his body and soul or his soul only?

– Was al-Me’raaj (Prophet’s Ascension) repeated?

Universality of the Message of Prophet Muhammad and refuting those who deny it. Continue reading

Are We Forced Or Do We Have Free Will

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Shaikh Muhammad ibn Saleh al-Uthaimeen
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 65 | Size: 3 MB

Shaikh Saleh al-Fawzan writes in Mujmal Aqeedah as-Salaf,

“Many groups have been misled in their understanding of Qadar (Predestination/Divine Decree). From them are the Jahmiyah and the Jabriyah who claim that the slave is forced in his actions and he has no control, ability or will. He is like a feather or a leaf which is blown by the wind.

Another group went to the other extreme and declared that every man creates his own actions. Allah has no will or control in the slave’s action. The slave performs his actions by his choice and power that is independent of the Will of Allah. Some of them exaggerated to the extent that they said that Allah does not know the thing before it occurs…

The first group (Jabriyah) affirmed the Divine Decree and exaggerated (in their affirmation of Allah’s Will) and thus robbed the slave from his will.

The second group (Qadariyah) exaggerated in (their affirmation of) the slave’s will until they denied the Will and Decree of Allah.

Both these groups are greatly mistaken and misguided.

The Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah is on the middle path – they affirm ability, choice and will for the slave but it is subservient to the Will and Power of Allah and the slave cannot do anything except by the Will of Allah. [end quote]

This booklet gives the reader a thorough understanding of how the will, choice and ability of the slave are subservient to the Will and Power of Allah in the words of the noble Shaikh Muhammad ibn Saleh al-Uthaimeen (rahimahullah)

Apart from explaining what it means to believe in the Divine Decree, the Shaikh has expansively clarified important issues related to the subject, like Allah’s Will for the occurrence of Kufr despite His Hatred for it.

Explanation of additional issues like – the sinner’s justification by predestination, Is it obligatory upon us to be pleased with what has been decreed? – make the book more comprehensive and beneficial for the reader.

We ask Allah to forgive our mistakes and make us amongst those who are patient and pleased with the Decree of Allah. Ameen. Continue reading

How Do We Receive Ramadan?

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Mohammed Al-Hashmi Mustafa
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 37 | Size: 1 MB

A brief book about the virtue of Ramadan and the importance of making good use of all seasons of worship. This is through getting ready to do good deeds, making faithful repentance and intending sincere intention to change one’s conditions in Ramadan and what is after it. Continue reading

Why Do We Pray By Dr. Suhaib Hasan

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Dr. Suhaib Hasan
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 18 | Size: 1 MB

Why does Man need to Pray?. After a long and hectic day at work, how difficult it is for a tired person to stand on the prayer-mat and concentrate on his prayers to Allah Almighty. Snuggled in a warm and cozy bed, how difficult it is to get up at the call of Mu’adhdhin: “Come to prayer, come to success.” The famous doctor and philosopher Ibn Sina (Avicenna), recalls such a moment in his life. Once cold and icy night, he and his slave were resting in an inn in a remote part of Khurasan. During the night he felt thirsty and shouted out to his slave to get him some water. The salve had no desire to leave his warm bed, so he pretended not to hear Avicenna’s call. But finally after repeated calls he reluctantly got up and went to fetch the water. A little while later, the melodious sound of the Adhan filled the air. Avicenna began to think about the person calling the believers to prayer. My slave Abdullah, he mused, has always respected and admired me. He seizes any opportunity to lavish praise and affection on me but tonight, he preferred his own comfort to my needs. On the other hand, look at this Persian slave of Allah. He left his warm bed to go out in the chilly night, he made ablution in the icy water of the stream, and then he ascended the high minaret of the mosque to glorify He Whom he truly serves.

“I bear witness that there is none to be worshipped except Allah.” “I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.”

Tonight, Avicenna records, I learned the essence of true love; that love which results in complete obedience. The love of Allah demands total and unconditional obedience.

Allah almighty says:

“Say (O Muhammad (pbuh) to mankind): ‘If you (really) love Allah then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic monotheism, follow the Quran and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive you your sins.’ And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”
(The Noble Qur’an 3:31) Continue reading

How Are We Obligated To Interpret The Noble Qur’aan

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Shaykh Naseeruddin Albanii
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 28 | Size: 1 MB

This book is a complete translation of a treatise entitled “Kayfa Yajibu ‘alaynaa an Nufassir al-Qur’aan-al-Kareem” (How are we Obligated to Interpret the Noble Qur’aan). The source used for the translation was the Al-Maktabah al-Islaamiyyah first edition published in 1421H. The foundation of this treatise is questions that were posed to the Shaikh, may Allaah have mercy on him, to which he responded in recorded format. These questions and answers were then transcribed, printed on paper and presented to the Shaikh who read them and commented on them in his own handwriting. The publishing house printed and distributed the book after the death of Imaam Al-Albaanee due to the great benefit found in the work since the author discusses several rules and principles related to interpreting the meanings of the Qur’aan, which every Muslim should follow when trying to understand the Book of Allaah. It is important to note also that in his biographical account of Imaam Al-Albaanee, Shaikh ‘Alee Al-Halabee counted this treatise as being one of his works. Continue reading

Why Were We Created

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Dr. Bilal Philips
Language: English | Format: PDF | Pages: 10 | Size: 1 MB

We have to answer the most fundamental question that every human being asks himself at some point in his or her lifetime. Not just Muslims, but every single human being. “Why was I created? Why am I here? What am I doing in this world? Why did God create me?” These questions, are questions which each and everyone of us reflects on at some point during their life. We have some answers, which are given generally, but usually these answers don’t satisfy us, they seem somewhat simplistic. We still wonder. “Why me? Why here?” I know all of you, generally speaking, in the back of your mind, you are saying “to worship Allâh, khallas (finish), what more is there to say? Why do we need to have a big long talk on why we were created, when we all know it is to worship Allâh?” But wait, if this is presented to a non-Muslim, the next logical question would be “why does Allâh want us to worship Him?” and then your stuck.

It means, in our own minds it is not really clear to us. Why did Allâh create us to worship Him? The question, why did Allâh create us, for some people, and we have to deal with those people around us, who don’t consider there to be any purpose in man’s creation because he is just a product of evolution that the forces of nature have produced him, and just as we don’t have apes, dogs or cows thinking about why they are here, then we don’t really have to think about it either. Of course that being the basis of the philosophy of western society, that man is without purpose, then the whole issue of government, morality etc has no basis in Revelation, there is no guidance there. The product of this is of course the corruption that we are living in.

For a Muslim, when we go in to this topic, we have to find our understanding in divine revelation and not human speculation. Because human speculation has no bounds, we can imagine all kinds of things, and is any of you have studied philosophy of religion, you can see how many opinions exist about the creation of man and existence. Because of the variety of philosophies, which are out there, no one can say this one is correct or that one is incorrect, because there is no guidance behind it. No divine revelation. It is only from divine revelation that we can determine the reality of our creation, because it is Allâh who has created us and he knows the purpose of our creation. We can hardly understand ourselves, much less try to understand the essence of things. So it is for Allâh to inform us through the revelation in the Qur’ân and the Sunnah which was brought by his last Messenger sallallâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam and the Messengers before. Now if we are to look, initially into revelation, to determine why was man created, there is a deeper question that we should be asking before that. “Why did God create?” Before we even get to man, why did god create, because man is not the greatest act of creation that we should be so focused on why man. No, because Allâh says:

لَخَلۡقُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ أَڪۡبَرُ مِنۡ خَلۡقِ ٱلنَّاسِ وَلَـٰكِنَّ أَڪۡثَرَ ٱلنَّاسِ لَا يَعۡلَمُونَ

“The creation of the Heavens and the Earth is indeed greater then the creation of mankind; yet, most of mankind know not.” [Sûrah Ghâfir, verse 57]

Man is not the greatest act of creation, this universe is far more complex and far more magnificent then man. So the issue of creation should then go to why create? As opposed to simply why create man?

Fundamentally, we can say that the creation is the natural consequence of the attribute of creator. Allâh is the creator. That is one of his attributes. That is what he has informed us. That being his attribute, the creator, the natural consequence or the product of this attribute is his creation. Continue reading